SSC - Junior Engineers Exam - Syllabus

Junior Engineers Civil & Electrical Exam 2009 Syllabus

The standard of the questions in Engineering subjects will be approximately of the level of Diploma in Engineering (Civil/Electrical/Mechanical) from a recognized Institute, Board or University and recognized by All India Board of Technical Education.

All the questions will be set in SI units. The details of the syllabus are given below.

(i) General Awareness:

    * Questions will be aimed at testing the candidate's general awareness of the environment around him/her and its application to society.

    * Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person.


    * The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Polity, and Scientific Research, etc. These questions will be such that they do not require a special study of any discipline.

(ii) General Engineering (Civil and Structural)

Part A: Civil Engineering:

    * Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), Asbestos products, Timber and Wood based Products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.

    * Surveying: Principles of surveying, working of prismatic compass and bearings, planetable surveying, theodolite traverse, adjustment of theodolite, levelling and contouring, curvature, refraction correction, permanent adjustment of dumpy level, methods of contouring and uses of a contour map, tachometric survey.

    * Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil phase diagram, definitions, of void ratio porosity, degree of saturation, water content specific gravity of soil grains and unit weights, grain size distribution curves for different solid and their uses. Atterjerg's limits, ISI soil classification, plasticity chart, coefficient of permeability, effective stress, consolidation of soils.

    * Soil: Calculation shear strength of soils, direct shear test, vane shear test,triaxial test, soil compaction, Lab compaction, Lab compaction test, moisture content and bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test.

    * Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli's theorem and its application, floor through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.

    * Environmental Engineering: Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage systems, circular sewers, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, surface water drainage sewage treatments.

Part B: Structural Engineering

    * Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, types of beams, determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams.

    * Moment of area and moment of inertia for rect. & circular section, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, torsion of circular section.

    * Concrete Technology: Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates, importance of water quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structure.

    * RCC Design: RCC beams: flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of single reinforced beams, lintels, cantilever beams, double reinforced beams, one way slabs, two way slabs, isolated footings, reinforced brick work. T-beams, columns, staircases, retaining walls water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State method and Working Stress method).

    * Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams rooftrusses plate girders.

(iii) General Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical)

Part A: Electrical Engineering

    * Basic Electrical Engineering and Electrical Measurements: Concepts of currents, voltage, resistance, power and energy, their units, Ohm's law.

    * Circuit Law: Kirchooff's law, solution of simple network problems, Network theorems and their applications, Electro-magnetism concept of flux, emf, reluctance, magnetic circuits, Electro-magnetic induction, self and mutual inductance.

    * A.C. fundamentals, instantaneous, peak, r.m.s. and average values of alternating waves, Equation of sinusolidal wave form, simple series and parallel a.c. circuits consisting of R.L. and C. Reasonance.

    * Measurement and measuring instruments, Moving coil and moving iron ammeters and voltmeters, Extension of range, Wattmeters, Multimeters, megger, Basic Electronics.

    * Electrical machines: Basic principles D,C motors of generators, their characteristics, Speed control and starting of D.C. motors, losses and efficiency of D.C. machines.

    * 1-phase and 3-phase Transformers: Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation O.C. and S.C. tests, efficiency, auto transformers.

    * Synchronous machines, generation of three phase emf, armature reaction, Voltage regulation, Parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, staring and applications of synchronous motors.

    * 3-phase Induction motor, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3-phase induction motors, Fractional kW motors, 1-phase induction motors a.c. series motor, reluctance motor.

    * General, Transmission and Distribution: Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, simple problems thereon, cost of generation inter connection of power stations.

    * Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults.

    * Switchgears-rating of circuit breakers: Principles of a are extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. fuses, Protection earthier leakage, over current Buchhotgz relay, Merz - Prince system of protection of generators & transformers, Protection of feeders and bus bars.

    Lightning arresters.

    * Various transmission and distribution systems. Comparison of conductor materials, efficiency for different systems.

    * Utilization of Electrical Energy. Illumination, electric heating, Electric welding, electroplating, electric drivers and motors.

Part.B: Mechanical Engineering

    * Flow of Fluids: Laminar & turbulent flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem; measurement of discharge; flow through pipes; friction losses.Forces of jet impinging on vanes, blades; work done and efficiency; classification of turbines & pumps.

    * Thermal Engineering: Laws of thermodynamics, change in entropy in various processes; properties of steam, uses of steam table & charts; Construction & Working of Cochran, Lancashire Locomotive & Babcock & Wilcox boilers, working of steam turbine, Otto & Diesel Cycles, working of IC engines, Carburetion, Solex Carburettor. Diesel fuel pump & injector: Cooling & lubrication.

    * Production Engineering: Foundry-Different casting processes, concept of patterns; types of mould making, puring defect in castings, causes & remedies, Welding-classification and types of welding: Testing and defects in welds.

    * Lathesworking of lathe: various tools, operation on lathes, types of lathes, Drilling operations performed on drilling machines.

    * Description, principles of working and various operations on machine tools milling machine, shaper, grinder, boring and slotting machines.

    * Strength of Materials: Stresses in composite bars, relation between elastic constants, Resilience under different types of loads, SF and BM diagrams; Stresses in bearns-combined direct and bending stresses, Struts and columns - Euler's and Rankin's theories, Torsion of circular shafts.

    * Theory of Machines: Simple Mechanisms - Four bar chain, Slider crank chain, double slider crank chain, Flywheel - Turning moment diagrams.

    * Fluctuation of energy, Friction-in collar and pivots, plate clutch, conical clutch, journal bearing. Transmission of power through flat and V- belts, Gears, profile of gears, Governors-Watt and Hartnell governors.