About Indian Army

About Indian Army

The basic responsibility of the Army is to safeguard the territorial integrity of the nation against external aggression. Due to the country’s long borders encompassing different geographical and climatic conditions such as desert terrain on the west, snow-covered mountains in the north and thick rainfed mountainous jungles in the east, the Army has to constantly prepare itself for diverse challenges. In addition, the Army is often required to assist the civil administration during internal security disturbances and in the maintenance of law and order, in organising relief operations during natural calamities like floods, earthquakes and cyclones and in the maintenance of essential services. Demands on the Army have increased manifold due to continuous deployment of its forces in intense counter insurgency operations in Jammu & Kashmir and the North East parts of the country. To achieve these objectives, the Army has to be constantly modernised, suitably structured, equipped and trained.

The Indian Army is organised into five regional commands

HQ Central Command, Lucknow;
HQ Eastern Command, Calcutta;
HQ Northern Command, Udhampur;
HQ Western Command, Chandimandir; and
HQ Southern Command, Pune.
HQ, South Western Command, Jaipur
HQ, Army Training Command, Shimla
The Indian Army is divided into the following two broad categories: Arms and Services.


Organisational Structure

The Indian Army's HQ is located in New Delhi and functions under the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), currently General Deepak Kapoor, who is responsible for the command, control & administration as a whole. The Army is divided into six operational commands (field armies) and one training command, each under the command of a Lieutenant General who has an equal status to the Vice-Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS), working under the control of Army HQ in New Delhi.


The Indian Army is organised completely on a voluntary basis and is enlisted from all races, irrespective of class, caste or creed. It is organised into the following type of forces;

   1. The Regular Army
   2. The Army Reserve
   3. The Territorial Army
   4. The National Cadet Corps

The Indian Army is administratively divided into the following two parts;

A) Army Headquarters

B) Arms & Services 


The list of senior officers given below has been compiled from open sources. Bharat Rakshak maintains no claim regarding the accuracy of this document and it is subject to revision from time to time. If you know any information on some of these appointments and which is not classified or restricted information then you are requested to get in touch with us.

  Rank and Appointment Name Serial No. Appt. Date Comm. Date
  Field Marshal        
1 Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw   01 Jan 1972 Dec 1934


1 Chief of Army Staff Deepak Kapoor IC-17622 30 Sept 2007 11 July 1967


Lieutenant General        
1 Vice Chief of Army Staff Milan Lalitkumar Naidu IC-19077 03 Oct 2007 1967
2 Deputy Chief of Army Staff (Planning & Systems) Zameeruddin Shah IC-19429 01 Oct 2006 09 June 1968
3 Deputy Chief of Army Staff (Information System & Training) Susheel Gupta   01 May 2006 Dec 1967
4 Adjutant General Thomas Mathew IC-19848 01 Sept 2006  
5 Military Secretary Puttammadam Rajah Gangadharan IC-19873 01 Oct 2006 21 Dec 1968
6 Engineer-in-Chief Bachittar Singh Dhaliwal IC-17239 01 May 2006 25 Dec 1966
7 Quarter Master General Sudhir Sharma IC-19440 01 May 2006 09 June 1968
8 Master General of the Ordnance Sarabjit Singh Dhillon IC-19868 2006 21 Dec 1968
9 GOC-in-C Central Command Om Prakash Nandrajog IC-19002 01 Jan 2006 16 Dec 1967
10 GOC-in-C Eastern Command Kuldip Singh Jamwal IC-19001 01 Jan 2007 16 Dec 1967
11 GOC-in-C Western Command Daljeet Singh IC-17644 01 Oct 2005 June 1967
12 GOC-in-C Northern Command Harcharanjit Singh Panag IC-19834 01 Jan 2007  
13 GOC-in-C Southern Command Nobel Thamburaj   01 Oct 2007  
14 GOC-in-C South Western Command Parmendra Kumar Singh   02 Aug 2006 16 Dec 1967
15 GOC-in-C Army Training Command (ARTRAC)        
16 Chief of Staff, Central Command Ashok Vasudeva IC-17631 20 Jan 2005  
17 Chief of Staff, Eastern Command K S Shiva Kumar   01 July 2006 23 June 1968
18 Chief of Staff, Western Command Amar Nath Aul IC-24255 2006  
19 Chief of Staff, Northern Command Rajinder Singh   2006  
20 Chief of Staff, Southern Command Deepak Harishchandra Summanwar IC-19396 2006 09 June 1968
21 Chief of Staff, South Western Command Kiron Kishore Kohli IC-23688 2006  
22 Chief of Staff, Army Training Command (ARTRAC)        
23 GOC 1 Corps Prakash Chand Katoch   2006  
24 GOC 2 'Kharga' Corps V K Singh   2006  
25 GOC 3 Corps Manbir Singh Dadwal IC-24194 2006  
26 GOC 4 Corps R K Chhabra IC-23814 2006  
27 GOC 9 Corps B S Nagal   2006  
28 GOC 10 'Chetak' Corps Narinder Singh Brar IC-23689 02 Apr 2006 1969
29 GOC 11 'Vajra' Corps S S Kumar   29 Sept 2007 13 June 1971
30 GOC 12 Corps Samer Pal Singh Dhillon IC-23791    
31 GOC 14 Corps Jayanta Kumar Mohanty IC-23291 2006 15 June 1969
32 GOC 15 'Chinar' Corps Amarjeet Singh Sekhon   2006  
33 GOC 16 'White Knight' Corps Tej Kumar Sapru   2006  
34 GOC 21 'Sudarshan Chakra' Corps        
35 GOC 33 'Trishakti' Corps C K S Sabu   2006  
36 Signal Officer-in-Chief Sivasankara Pillai Sree Kumar     21 Dec 1968
37 Surveyor General        
38 DG-Artillery Ajit Singh Bajwa IC-19004 01 July 2006 16 Dec 1967
39 DG-Infantry B S Jaswal   2007  
40 DG-Military Operations Mohan Pande IC-19410 01 July 2006 09 June 1968
41 DG-Military Intelligence Digamber Singh Bartwal   08 Sept 2006  
42 DG-Information Systems Dilip Nemajirao Desai IC-19845    
43 DG-Defence Intelligence Agency Mandhata Singh IC-19860 2006 21 Dec 1968
44 DG-Army Air Defence Kulwant Singh Dogra IC-28805 01 Jan 2006 12 Jan 1969
45 DG-Ordnance Services Devinder Dayal Singh Sandhu IC 17759 01 July 2006 June 1967
46 DG-Mechanised Forces Daulat Singh Shekhawat IC 19393 2006 1968
47 DG-Air Defence Artillery        
48 DG-Quality Assurance Madabushi Krishnama Chari IC-17895 Jan 2002 1967
49 DG-Supply and Transport Surendra Kumar Sahni IC-19234 01 Feb 2005  
50 DG-Remount Veterinary Services Narayan Mohanty   30 June 2007 1969
51 DG-Electronics & Mechanical Engineers Arvind Mahajan IC 19853 2006  
52 DG-Assam Rifles Paramjit Singh IC-23039 06 July 2006 Dec 1968
53 DG-Border Roads Kantamneni Sudhakar Rao IC 19038 2005 1967
54 DG-Rashtriya Rifles        
55 DG-National Cadet Corps Prakash Singh Choudhary   2006  
56 DG-Dental Services Paramjit Singh DR-10267 24 Oct 2005  
57 DG-Medical Services (Army) Luxmi Prakash Sadhotra MR-03158 29 Sept 2005  
58 DG-Armed Forces Medical Services        
59 DG-Hospital Services (Armed Forces)        
60 DG-Operational Logistics D S Grewal      
61 DG-Organisation and Personnel        
62 DG-Discipline, Ceremonial & Welfare Isac John Koshy IC-23011 2006  
63 DG-Manpower Planning & Personnel Services Utpal Bhattacharya IC-24528 2006  
64 Commandant, Infantry School Digvijay Pal Singh IC-17242 2003  
65 Commandant, Army War College        
66 Commandant, Army Aviation Corps        
67 Commandant, Regiment of Artillery B S Pawar     09 June 1968
68 Commandant, Indian Military Academy Pitamber Kishore Rampal IC-19931 2006 Dec 1968
69 Commandant, National Defence College        
70 Commandant, Artillery School and Center Sudesh Kumar Kaushal IC-15947    
71 Commandant, National Defence Academy Arun Kumar Chopra IC-17674 Aug 2004  
72 Commandant, Armed Forces Medical College Mudakkanaveetil Prabhakaran Jaiprakash MR-02250    
73 Commandant, College of Military Engineering R R Goswami   2006 1968
74 Commandant, Defence Services Staff College B J Gupta   01 May 2006 21 Dec 1969
75 Commandant, College of Materials Management        
76 Commandant, Armoured Corps Center and School Brij Mohan Kapur IC-14385    
77 Commandant, Army Medical Corps Center and School G S Misra   2006 15 Jan 1970
78 Commandant, Army Service Corps Center and College        
79 Commandant, Military College of Telecommunication Engg.        
80 Commandant, Military College of Electrical & Mechanical Engg. K S Venugopal IC-17280 2004 22 Aug 1971


  Appointment Rank and Name Serial No. Appt. Date Comm. Date
1 Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC) Admiral Sureesh Mehta 00727-A 28 Sept 2007 July 1967
2 Chief of Integrated Service Command (CISC) Lieutenant General Hardev Singh Lidder IC-19009 02 Mar 2006 July 1967
3 C-in-C, Strategic Nuclear Command Vice Admiral Vijay Shankar   03 July 2004 Oct 1966
4 C-in-C, Andaman & Nicobar Command        
5 Deputy-CIDS (Medical)        
6 Deputy-CIDS (Planning)        
7 Deputy-CIDS (Operations)        
8 Deputy-CIDS (Intelligence) Lieutenant General Autar Singh IC-16632 17 Feb 2004 1965
9 Deputy-CIDS (Doctrine, Organisation & Training)        
10 Assistant-CIDS (Intelligence) Air Vice Marshal S C Malhan      
11 Assistant-CIDS (Joint Operations) Air Vice Marshal J S Gujral      
12 Assistant-CIDS (Technical Manager, D.P.B.) Air Vice Marshal S L Sud      
13 Assistant-CIDS (Perspective Plans & Force Structure) Air Vice Marshal M Dixit      

ARMY Strength



  • Army: 980,000 active troops.
  • Army Reserves: 300,000 first line troops (within five years of full time service)
    ........................500,000 second line troops (commitment until 50 years of age).
  • Territorial Army: 40,000 first line troops (160,000 second line troops).

Command Structure

  • Indian Army HQ: New Delhi
  • Operational Commands: Northern Command - HQ in Udhampur, Jammu & Kashmir.
    ..................................Western Command - HQ in Chandimandir, Chandigarh.
    ..................................South Western Command - HQ in Pathankot, Punjab.
    ..................................Central Command - HQ in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
    ..................................Eastern Command - HQ in Kolkota, West Bengal.
    ..................................Southern Command - HQ in Pune, Maharashtra.
  • Functional Commands: Training Command (ARTRAC)


  • Corps: 13 Corps, consisting of 3 'Strike' Corps + 10 'Holding' Corps - including 1 Desert Corps.
  • Armour: 3 Armoured Divisions + 8 Independent Armoured Brigades = 63 Armoured Regiments;
    ..............13 T-55 Regiments
    ..............35 T-72M1 Regiments
    ..............14 Vijayanta Regiments
    ..............1 Arjun Mk.1 Regiment (Undergoing Trials)
    *T-90S MBTs are currently being delivered to replace the older tanks.
  • Infantry: 4 RAPID, 10 Mountain Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions + 7 Independent Infantry Brigades.
    *Each RAPID (Reorganised Army Plains Infantry Division) has a Mech. Infantry Brigade.
    *One Infantry Division is earmarked for mountain use - 3rd Division.
  • Artillery: Two artillery divisions (30 AD and 41 AD).
    *Each division has at least one artillery brigade.
    *Nearly 200 regiments of field artillery exist.
  • Air Defence: 50+ regiments - 35 'Flak' and 15 'Point Defence' regiments.
    ...................SAM: Two SA-6 Groups - 12+ regiments.
    *Each 'Flak' regiment has four battalions - 64 guns.
    *20 additional 'Flak' regiments held in reserve.
    *New AD Groups - one per Strike Corps - being formed: One regiment each of ZRK-SD Kub (SA-6), OSA-AKM (SA-8b), and ZSU-23-4 Shilka or Tunguska-M1. SA-10 batteries are known to be in used in the vicinity of Bhaba Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Trombay.
  • Aviation: 14 Helicopter Units (HAL Chetak and HAL Cheetah) in anti-tank, liaison and observation duties.
  • Territorial Army: 25 Infantry Battalions
    .........................29 Departmental Units
    .........................4 Ecological Battalions



Active Main Battle Tanks - 62 Armoured Regiments

  • T-90S: 5 regiments @ 62 tanks each, (310) plus a further 1330 tanks being locally assembled.
  • T-72M1: 35 regiments @ 55 tanks each, (1950) upgrade program in progress - moving very slowly.
  • T-55: 10 regiments @ 55 tanks each, (550) with L7/105mm gun + the Vijayanta standard upgrade.
  • Vijayanta: 11 regiments @ 72 tanks each, (800+) upgraded with FCS and night fighting equipment.

Reserve/Store MBTs

  • T-55: 200 - To be phased out by 2008
  • Vijayanta: 1000 - To be phased out by 2008


Active Infantry Combat Vehicles

  • BMP-1: 700
  • BMP-2: 900+ (production continues at 100 per year)
  • OT-62/64: 700+ (second line and mortar carrier duties)

Reserve/Store ICVs

  • 500+ (miscellaneous Czechoslovakian & Russian types)


Reconnaissance Vehicles

  • Ferret: 100 (used for internal security duties)
  • BRDM-2: 110 (locally fitted with AT-4, AT-5 and Milan ATGW)


Active Towed Artillery

  • 105mm LFG: 700+ (Being replaced by 130mm M-46 Field Gun)
  • 105mm IFG Mk.1,2,3: 600+ (Being replaced by 130mm/155mm M-46 Field Gun)
  • 122mm D-30: 550
  • 130mm M-46: 750
  • 155mm M-46: 35 guns upgraded to 155mm calibre, out of a total of 180 guns, as of March 2005.
  • 155mm Bofors FH-77B: 410 (An estimated 100+ guns are cannibalized and are not operational)


Reserve Towed Artillery

  • 75mm Mountain Howitzer: 900+
  • 76mm M-48Mountain Gun: 215
  • 88mm 25 Pounder: 800 (also used for training)
  • 100mm M-1944: 350
  • 180mm S-23: 100


Self-Propelled Artillery

  • 105mm Abbot: 80
  • 130mm Catapult M-46: 100+

*Both guns have been phased out from active service due to age/mechanical problems.
*A self-propelled artillery competition is underway in India.

Multiple Rocket Launcher (Artillery)

  • 122mm BM-21/LRAR: 150+
  • 214mm Pinaka: ~30 (one regiment per year)
  • 300mm Smerch: 62 (deliveries commenced as of 2007 and will be completed by 2010)



  • 81mm Indian E1 + L1A1: 5000+
  • 120mm AM-50: 1500+ (in service with mtn. artillery. SP versions with some Inf. Bdes.)
  • 160mm Tampella: 200+ (in store)


Anti-Tank Guided Weapons

  • Milan 2
  • AT-3 Sagger (being phased out)
  • AT-4 Spigot
  • AT-5 Spandrel
  • SS-11-B1 (used against bunkers)
  • Harpon (used against bunkers)


Recoilless Weapons

  • 57mm M-18: Being replaced by AGS-17 (2 issued per company)
  • 84mm Carl Gustaf: One per infantry section
  • 106mm M-40A1: 3000+ (10 per infantry battalion)


Air Defence Guns

  • 23mm: ZSU-23-2-320 (five regiments)
    ................ZSU-23-4 Shilka SP- 75
  • 30mm: Tunguska-M1 - 20 (up to 60 more on order)
  • 40mm: L40/70 - 1920 (30 regiments)
    ............L40/60 - 1280 (20 regiments in reserve with Territorial Army)
    SIPRI {Stockholm International Peace Research Institute} reported that 24 Tunguska M1 systems were ordered in 1996 and all 24 systems were delivered by 1999. They estimate an additional 50 such systems are on order. SA-19 Grisom (9M311-M1) SAMs - which form part of the Tunguska M1's weapon systems - were also ordered in 1996. An order for 384 such missiles were placed and were delivered by 1999.


Surface-To-Air Missiles

  • SA-6 (launchers): 160 - Two SA-6 Groups - 12 regiments.
  • SA-7 (launchers): 620 (being phased out).
  • SA-8b (launchers): 50
  • SA-10 (launchers): 24 (2-3 regiments being delivered/on order).
  • SA-13 (launchers): 250+
  • SA-16 (launchers): 2000+ (to cover 'blind-areas' for CAAD units, as well as being on issue to infantry battalions - six per battalion).
    *Each AD Group - under each Strike Corps - will have one regiment each of ZRK-SD Kub (SA-6), OSA-AKM (SA-8b) and ZSU-23-4 or Tunguska-M1. India's indigenous SAMs - Akash and Trishul - are to be deployed as replacements for the SA-6 and SA-8 respectively and will enter service after successfully completing user trials.


Surface-To-Surface Missiles

  • SRBM: Prithvi SS-150 - 15 launchers & 75 missiles in 333 Missile Group. More being delivered.


Army Aviation

  • 14 Helicopter Units (300+ HAL Chetak and HAL Cheetah).
    *Anti-Armour: ex-IAF Chetak.
    *Observation/Liaison: HAL Chetak and HAL Cheetah.



  • Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: Searcher, Nishant.
  • Battlefield Surveillance Radar: BSR Mk.2 (locally built).
    ...........................................ELTA EL/M-2140 BSR*.
  • Artillery Radar: AN/TPQ-37 Firefinder WLS
    .......................MUFAR - (Multi-Unit Field Artillery Radar; HAL-manufactured artillery radar)
    .......................Rajendra (Primarily air defence, but also ideal for artillery location)
    .......................Green Archer (Mortar location)
    .......................Cymbelline (Mortar location)

*SIPRI {Stockholm International Peace Research Institute} reported that 200 EL/M-2140 radar were ordered in 1999 and 25 were delivered by 2001. SIPRI also reported that 56 ELTA EL/M-2129 artillery radar were ordered in 1999 and five were delivered by 2001. However the EL/M-2129 is actually a Movement Detection & Security Radar (MDSR) and not an artillery radar. Jane's Defence Weekly (JDW) confirms this order and states that the deal included a transfer of technology, for local manufacture by Bharat Electronics Limited. JDW also reported that 1022 man-portable radars and 30 battlefield surveillance radars has been acquired from the Israeli company, El-Op, in a deal signed in August 2002.

SIPRI's database reveals that 32 Searcher UAVs were ordered in 2000 and 16 systems were delivered by 2001. An earlier 1996 order for 12 Searcher UAVs was completed in 1998. SIPRI also reported that 40 Harpy anti-radar UAVs were ordered in 1997 and all 40 were delivered by 1999-2000. SIPRI reported that six Heron-2 UAVs were ordered in 2001.




The Indian Army's HQ is located in New Delhi and functions under the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), currently General Deepak Kapoor, who is responsible for the command, control & administration as a whole. The COAS presides over the Principal Staff Officers Committee, who all have ranks of Lieutenant General, and is comprised ofthefollowing;

  • Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS)
  • Deputy Chief of Army Staff (DCOAS - the Army has two)
  • Adjutant General
  • Quartermaster General
  • Master General of Ordnance
  • Engineer-in-Chief
  • Military Secretary

General Staff Branch: Nos. 1 through 6 come under the responsibility of the VCOAS and the remainder under the two DCOAS;

1. Directorate of Military Operations --> Military Survey
2. Directorate of Military Intelligence --> Signal Intelligence
3. Directorate of Combat Development
4. Directorate of Military Training
5. Directorate of Engineer Staff
6. Directorate of Operational Logistics
7. Directorate of Artillery
8. Directorate of Infantry
9. Directorate of Army Aviation
10. Directorate of Armoured Corps
11. Directorate of Mechanised Infantry
12. Directorate of Army Air Defence
13. Directorate of Weapons & Equipment
14. Directorate of Staff Duties
15. Directorate of Signals
16. Directorate of Assam Rifles
17. Directorate of Rashtriya Rifles
18. Directorate of Territorial Army
19. Directorate of Army Education
20. Directorate of Financial Planning
21. Directorate of Perspective Planning
22. Directorate of Management Planning
23. Directorate of Defence Security Corps

Adjutant General's Branch: Headed by the Adjutant General and consists of the following appointments;

1. Additional Director General of Organisation
2. Additional Director General of Personnel Services
3. Additional Director General of Medical Services
4. Additional Director General of Recruiting
5. Director General of Discipline & Vigilance and Ceremonials & Welfare
6. Judge Advocate General
7. Statistical Officer
8. Provost Marshal

*The Army Welfare Housing Organization (AWHO) and the Army Group Insurance Fund (AGIF) also function under the Adjutant General.

Quartermaster General's Branch: Headed by the Quartermaster General and consists of the following appointments;

1. Deputy Quartermaster General
2. Master General of Logistics (Ops & Plans)
3. Additional Director General of Movements
4. Deputy Director General of Quartering
5. Director General of Supply & Transport
6. Additional Director General of Remounts & Veterinary Services
7. Additional Director General of Military Farms
8. Deputy Director General of Army Postal Services
9. Deputy Director General of Pioneers
10. Chief Technical Examiner of Works
11. Chief Canteens Officer

Master General of Ordnance's Branch: Headed by the Master General of Ordnance and consists of the following appointment;

1. Director General of Ordnance Services

Engineer-in-Chief: Headed by the Engineer-in-Chief and consists of the following appointments;

1. Brigadier Engineer Staff
2. Director General of Works
3. Director of Engineer Stores & Plant
4. Procurement & Progressing Organization
5. Chief Inspector of Works
6. Director of Works Study

*The Engineer-in-Chief heads the Corps of Engineers and advises the Chiefs of Staff of the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Director General of Ordnance Factories on all matters concerning works, including their planning and construction.

Military Secretary: The Military Secretary maintains personal records of officers and is responsible for their postings and transfers, promotions and retirement and for the grant of honorary ranks. Appointments to regimental commands and in corps & departments above the rank of Lieutenant Colonels, other than the Medical Corps, are controlled by the Military Secretary.

Defence Planning Staff Directorate

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) has a Defence Planning Staff Directorate. It's role role is much akin to to the policy staff attached to the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the United States. It is in fact the only Directorate where all the three services are represented (apart from the Military Wing of the Cabinet Secretariat). This Directorate is headed by an Officer from one of the three services of the rank of Lieutenant General or equivalent. He has two deputies from the other two services to help him (they have the rank of Major General or equivalent).

Their main role is to provide the Chief's of Staff Committee (COSC) a comprehensive view of the ground situation facing the Armed Forces. They deal with the Financial & Management situation and might also be in charge of Operations & Intelligence. If the DGMO (Directorate of Military Operations) decides to draw up a plan for war, the DGPS (Directorate of Defence Planning Staff) will run an evaluation whether it is viable to do so in terms of equipment/spares needed, finances involved, logistics, etc. Thus they recommend a course of action to the COSC to help them in their decision making. The Financial Planning, Perspective Planning, & Management Planning Directorates all play an active role in this process. The Navy and Air Force also have their respective directorates but may or may not be separate from the DGPS.

The Military Wing of the Cabinet is to liaise with other Government agencies like the Research & Analysis Wing, Intelligence Bureau, Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC), etc. It has proportionate representation from the Military Operations and Military Intelligence of the three services. The Military Wing is headed by an Officer from one of the three services with the rank of Major General or equivalent. He is given the status of a Joint Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat. There is also the JCEWS (Joint Committee of Electronic Warfare Staff) committee. It is an inter-service committee and is headed by an Officer with the rank of Lieutenant General or equivalent and deals with Electronic Warfare & Intelligence.


Operational Commands

Each Operational Command (Field Army) functions under the leadership of the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief (GOC-in-C) of the rank of Lieutenant General. This senior officer is responsible for the efficient maintenance of the soldiers in the field and for the control & direction of their operation as a whole. He is also the commander of the demarcated geographical area and has both field & static formations under his command.