KLE UGAIET - KLE University Under Graduate All India Entrance Test

KLE University Under Graduate All India Entrance Test - KLE UGAIET 2009

Constituent College - Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum and KLE V.K.Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum

Nehru Nagar,
Belgaum - 590 010.
Karnataka, INDIA.
Phone: 0831 - 2472777
Fax: 0831-2493777
Website: http://www.kleuniversity.edu.in
E-mail: info@kleuniversity.edu.in

KLE University invites applications for KLE UGAIET - 2009 from eligible candidates seeking admissions to MBBS & BDS Course for the academic year 2009-2010.

KLE UGAIET - 2009 Test Date: Sunday, 26th April 2009, from 10.00 AM to 1.00 PM

Courses Offered

1. UG Medical Program

  • Course: MBBS

  • Intake 150

2. UG Dental Program

  • Course: BDS

  • Intake: 100

Students will be admitted to M.B.B.S / B.D.S UG Degree Courses in the constituent colleges of KLE-University, J.N.Medical College and KLE V.K. Institute of Dental Sciences, on the basis of the rank obtained by them in the KLE Under Graduate All India Entrance Test (KLE- UGAIET) - 2009.

  • 20% of total seats are reserved for NRI/Foreign/Management.

  • 2.5% of the seats are reserved for children of teaching faculty of KLE University (KTC category).

  • 7.5% of the total seats are reserved for students hailing from educationally backward Belgaum Revenue division (BRD category) consisting of Districts of Belgaum, Dharwad, Karwar, Bijapur, Bagalkot, Haveri and Gadag .

  • Students claiming seats under BRD category should satisfy the following criteria:

    1. The Student's Parents should be permanent residents of one of the seven districts (Parents Domicile certificate to be enclosed)

    2. The student's should have studied for at least ten years including PUC II in one of seven districts (study certificate to be enclosed).

  • Those claiming seats in the above two categories must specifically indicate the same in the Application form.

  • Their admission will be on 'Interse' merit of KLE-UGAIET-2009.

KLE University 2009 Eligibility

Common Eligibility Requirements for admission to MBBS/BDS:

Only those candidates who would satisfy or are likely to satisfy the relevant eligibility requirements for admission to a course will be considered eligible to appear for the KLE UG All India Entrance Test (UGAIET - 2009) & subsequently for admission to that course.


The candidate should complete 17 years of age on or before the first day of December 2009.


i) The candidate seeking admission to any of these courses should have passed the Higher Secondary Certificate Examination PUC II / HSC or the Indian School Certificate Examination (ISCE) or any other examination equivalent to 10+2/HSC examination of any recongnized Board/University from any School/College situated in India/Abroad after 12 years of study.

ii) The candidate should have passed in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology & English individually & must have obtained atleast 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry & Biology taken together in the qualifying examinations i.e., PUC II/10+2 / HSC or equivalent.

The candidate should also have secured atleast 50% marks in physics, Chemistry & Biology taken together at KLE-UGAIET - 2009 for admission to MBBS/BDS courses. The candidate should also have scored 50% marks in English language.

iii) Candidates who are likely to appear or who have appeared for qualifying examination i.e., PUC II/10+2/HSC or equivalent but whose results have not been declared will also be considered eligible to appear for KLE-UGAIET-2009, provided they have offered the above mentioned subjects at the said examination.

KLE University 2009 Application Form

The KLE UGAIET 2009 Application Process involves the following four stages:

  1. Online submission of application form for KLE-UGAIET-2009 examination on or before 8th April 2009 by 5:00 PM.

  2. Sending by post, a hard copy of submitted/printed application form along with DD, photograph and other enclosures on or before 11th April 2009 by 5.00 PM.

  3. Appearing for Test on Sunday, 26-04-2009 from 10.00AM to 1.00PM.

  1. Appearing for counseling at the University office at Belgaum (Dates of counseling will be intimated later on the University website).

A candidate desirous of appearing in the KLE-UGAIET - 2009, is required to complete the prescribed application form & submit in either of the following ways.

1. Online submission of the application form: A candidate is required to complete the prescribed online application form and submit the same to the University online on or before the scheduled date. A copy of "online" submitted application form must be printed and sent to the following address along with a processing fee of Rs. 1500/- only by way of DD favouring Registrar, KLE University, payable at Belgaum, Karnataka along with the documents listed below.

2. Candidates who do not wish to submit application form online, may obtain the application form along with a Brochure by sending a processing fee of Rs.2000/- only by way of DD favouring Registrar, KLE University, payable at Belgaum, Karnataka from the University or from any of the Centre mentioned below. The duly filled application form should be sent to the University along with the documents listed below.

Printed brochure and application forms are also available from our centres at:

BELGAUMJ.N. Medical College, Nehru Nagar, Belgaum-590 010.Tel..No.2471350
BANGALORES.Nijalingappa College, IInd Block, Rajajinagar, Bangalore-560 0010. Tel.No.080-23320902
PUNEPune Institute of Computer Technology, Sr. No.27, Dhanakwadi, Pune-Satara Road, Pune-411 043. Tel.No.020-24378063.
NEW DELHIBasava International School, Site No.1, Sector 23, Dwaraka, New Delhi-110 075. Tel.No.011 -28051462/63

Following documents have to be enclosed along with the application form.

  1. Six recent coloured photographs, as per specifications in Rule 58.

  2. Attested copies for SSLC/X Std, PUC/HSC/XII Std, Marks Cards.

  3. Xerox copy of Proof of Date of Birth.

  4. Affix Left Thumb impression in the column provided in the downloaded/ printed Application Form.

The dully filled application form along with required documents should be sent to :

The Registrar,
KLE University
JNMC Campus, Nehru Nagar,
Belgaum - 590 010. KARNATAKA.


[Candidates are advised to obtain & preserve xerox copy of the completed application form. This may be useful for obtaining duplicate Test Admission Ticket (TAT) card, if required.]

1. Issue of Test Admission Tickets (TAT Cards):

  • TAT Cards for KLE-UGAIET - 2009 will be dispatched by post to those Candidates who have indicated that option in the application form under certificate of posting.

  • TAT cards can be downloaded by the candidates from the University Website w.e.f. 15th April 2009.

  • The TAT Card will indicate the Roll Number & Examination Centre allotted to the candidate with its address.

2. The candidate must not mutilate this TAT Card or Change any entry, made therein after the university authorities have authenticated it.

3. In case a candidate does not receive the TAT Card (Hall Ticket) by 23rd April 2009, he/she should contact University office immediately. Arrangements will be made for the issue of duplicate TAT Cards at the 'Help Desk' established on previous day (i.e 25th April 2009) at respective examination centres. In such a situation, candidate should bring two identical copies of his / her photographs which is affixed to application form along with his / her proof of submission / posting of online printed application form or school/college identity card or Xerox copy of the submitted application form. In case no proof is submitted duplicate TAT card will not be issued.

KLE University 2009 Exam Centres

KLE-UGAIET -2009 will be conducted on Sunday, 26th April 2009 from 10.00 a.m to 1.00 p.m at the examination centers in the following Cities.

BELGUAMJ.N. Medical College,
Nehru Nagar,
Belgaum-590 010.
BANGALORES. Nijalingappa College,
II Block, Rajajinagar,
Bangalore-560 010.

PUNEPune Institute of Computer Technology,
Sl.No.27, Dhanakwadi, Pune-Satara Road,
Pune - 411 043
NEW DELHIBasava International School,
Site No 1, Sector 23, Dwaraka,
New Delhi-110075.
HYDERABADG.Pullareddy College of Pharmacy,
Masab Tank, Meddi Patnam,
Hyderabad - 500 028.
AHMEDABADAroma High School,
Kamar Trust Building, Somnath Road,
Ahmedabad-380 013
INDOREChristian Eminent Academy,
6-A, Press Complex, Behind Dainik Bhaskhar Press,
Indore- 452011
PANJIMDhempe College of Art s & Sciences,
PO Box No.222,
Panjim-403 001.
CHANDIGARHGovt. Girls School,
Sector 11, Chandigarh
COIMBATORECMS Matriarlation H.S. School,
Ganapathy, Coimbatore-6.
KOLKATATo be informed later.
JAIPURTo be informed later
GAUHATITo be informed later.
TIRUPATHITo be informed later.
VIJAYAWADATo be informed later.

KLE UGAIET 2009 Examination Scheme

The test will have 200 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) of single best answer type on Physics, Chemistry, Botany & Zoology (50 on each of them).

  • The time allotted for the test would be 180 minutes (3 hrs). The test will begin at 10:00 am and end at 1:00 pm.

  • Candidates are required to mark their answers in an OMR (Optical Mark Reader)/ICR (Intelligent Character Reader) Answer Sheet.

  • Each correct answer is awarded one mark.

  • There is no Negative Marking for wrong answers.

KLE University 2009 Physics Syllabus

Introduction and Measurement:

What is physics, scope and excitement; Physics in relation to science, society and technology, Need for measurement, system of units -SI, fundamental and derived units. Dimensions and their applications. Orders of magnitude, Accuracy and errors in measurements - random and instrumental errors, Significant figures and rounding off, Graphs, Trigonometric functions, simple ideas of differentiation and integration.

Description of Motion in one dimension:

Objects in motion in one dimension. Motion is a straight line, unit and direction for time and position measurement.

Uniform motion, its graphical representation and formulae, speed and velocity, relative velocity, Instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, its velocity-time graph, position time graph and formulae. General relation between position and velocity, application to uniformly accelerated motion. Acceleration in general one dimensional motion.

Description of Motion in Two and Three Dimension:

Vectors and scalars, vectors in two dimensions, general-vector addition and multiplication by a real number, zero-vector and its properties. Resolution of vector in a plane, rectangular components. Scalar and Vector products. Motion in two dimensions, cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion, general relation among position velocity-acceleration for motion in a plane-uniform circular motion. Motion of objects in three dimensional space.

Laws of Motion:

Force and inertia, first law of motion. Momentum, second law of motion, impulse, some kinds of forces in nature, Third law of motion, conservation of momentum, rocket propulsion. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, inertial and non-inertial frames.

Work, Energy and Power:

Work done by a constant force and by a variable force, unit of work, kinetic energy, power, Elastic collision in one and two dimensions, Potential energy, gravitational potential energy, and its conversion to kinetic energy, potential energy of a spring. Different forms of energy equivalence, conservation of energy.

Rotational Motion:

Center of mass of a two particle system, momentum conservation and center of mass motion. Center of mass of rigid body, general motion of a rigid body, nature of rotational motion, rotational motion of a single particle in two dimensions only, torque, angular momentum and its geometrical and physical meaning, conservation of angular moment of inertia, its physical significance, parallel axis and perpendicular axis theorem (statements only).


Acceleration due to gravity, one dimensional motion under gravity, two dimensional motions under gravity. Inversal law of gravitation, inertia and gravitational mass, variations in the acceleration due to gravity of the earth, orbital velocity, geostationary satellites, gravitational potential energy near the surface of earth, gravitational potential, escape velocity.

Heat and Thermodynamics:

Specific heat, specific heat at constant, volume and pressure of ideal gas, relation between them, first law of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic state, equation of state and isothermal, pressure-temperature phase diagram. Thermodynamic processes (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic). Carnot cycle, second law of Thermodynamics, efficiency of heat engines: Conduction, convection and radiation. Thermal conductivity, black body radiation, Wien's law, Stefan's law. Newton's law of cooling.


Periodic motion, simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation of motion. Oscillations due to a spring, Kinetic energy and potential energy in S.H.M., simple pendulum, physical concepts of forced oscillations, resonance and damped oscillations.


Wave motion, speed of wave motion, principle of super-positions, reflection of waves, harmonic waves (qualitative treatment only) standing waves and normal modes and its graphical representation. Beats, Doppler effect. Musical scale, acoustics of building.


Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation, elementary unit, Coulomb's law, dielectric constant, electric field, electric field due to a point charge, dipole field and dipoles 1 behavior in an uniform (2- dimensional) electric field, flux, Gauss's law in simple geometric, Conductors and insulator, presence of free charges and bound charges inside a conductor, Dielectric(concept only), Capacitance (parallel plate) series and parallel, energy and capacitor, high voltage generators, atmospheric electricity.

Current Electricity:

Introduction (flow of current), sources of e.m.f.(cells: simple, secondary, chargeable), electric current resistance of different materials, temperature dependence, thermistor, specific resistivity, color code of carbon resistance, Ohm's law, Kisrchoff's law, resistance in series and parallel, series and parallel circuits, Wehetston's bridge, measurement of voltages and currents potentiometer.

Thermal and Chemical Effects of Currents:

Electric power, heating effects of current, chemical effects and law of electrolysis, simple concepts of thermoelectricity, thermocouple.

Magnetic Effect of Currents:

Oersted's observation, Biot-Savart's law (magnetic field due to a current element), magnetic field due a straight wire, circular loop and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field(Lorentz force), cyclotron (simple idea), forces and torque on currents in a magnetic field, forces between two currents, definition of ampere, moving coil galvanometer, ammeter and voltmeter.


Bar magnet (comparison with a solenoids), lines of force, torque on a bar magnetic field, earth's magnetic field, tangent galvanometer, vibration magnetometer, para, di and ferromagnetism (simple idea).

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents:

Induction e.m.f., Faraday's Law, Lenz's law, induction, self and mutual inductance, alternating currents, impedance and reactance, power in a.c., electrical machines and devices (transformer, induction coil, generators, simple motors, choke and starter).

Electromagnetic Waves (Qualitative Treatment):

Electromagnetic oscillations, some history of electromagnetic waves (Maxwell, Hertz, Bose, Marconi) Electromagnetic spectrum (radio, micro-waves, infra-red, optical, ultraviolet, x-rays, alpha, beta and gama rays) including elementary facts about their uses and propagation, properties of atmosphere with respect to various parts of electromagnetic spectrum.

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments:

Ray optics as a limiting case of wave optics, reflection, refraction, total internal reflection, optical fiber, curved mirrors, lenses, mirror and lens formulae, Dispersion by a prism, spectrometer and spectra-absorption and emission, scattering, rainbow, Magnification and resolving power, telescope (astronomical), microscope.

Electrons and Photons:

Discovery of electron,e/m for an electron, electrical conduction in gases, particle nature of light, Eienstein's photocelectric equation, photo cells.

Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei:

Rutherford model of the atom, Bhor model, energy quantization, hydrogen spectrum, composition of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, size of nucleus, radioactivity, Mass energy relation, nuclear fission and fusion, nuclear holocaust.

Solids and Semiconductor Devices:

Crystal structure - Unit cell, single, poly and liquid crystal (concepts only) Energy bands in solids, conductors, insulators and semi-conductors, PN junction, diodes, junction transistor, diode as rectifier, transistor as a amplifier, and oscillator, logic gate and combination of gates.

KLE University 2009 Chemistry Syllabus 

Atoms Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic:

Measurement in Chemistry (significant figures, SI unit, Dimensional analysis). Chemical classification of matter (mixtures, compounds and elements, and purification).

Law of chemical combination and Dalton's Atomic theory. Atomic Mass (mole concept, determination of chemical formulas). Chemical equation (balancing of chemical equation and calculations using chemical equations).

Elements, their Occurrence and extraction:

Earth as a source of elements, elements in biology, Elements in sea, extraction of metals (metallurgical process, production of concentrated ore, production of metals and their purification).Mineral wealth of India, Qualitative' test of metals.

States of Matter:

Gaseous state (measurable properties of gases,Boyle's Law, Charles 'Law and absolute scale of temperature, Avogadro's hypothesis, ideal gas equation, Dalton's law of partial pressure). Kinetic molecular theory of gases (the microscopic model of a gas, deviation form ideal behavior).

The solid state (classification of solids X-Ray studies of crystal lattices and unit cells, packing of constituent particles in crystals).Liquid state (Properties of liquids, Vapour pressure, Surface Tension, Viscosity).

Atomic Structures:

Constituents of the atom (Discovery of electron, nuclear model of the atom). Electronic structure of atoms (nature of light and electromagnetic waves, atomic spectra, Bhor's model of Hydrogen atom, Quantum mechanical model of the atom, electronic configurations of atoms, Aufbau principle).

Chemical Families-Period Properties:

Mendeleev's Periodic Table, Modern Periodic Law, Types of elements (Representative elements-s and p block elements, inner transition elements-d inner transition element-f-block elements).Periodic trends in properties (Ionization energy, electron, affinity, atomic radii, valence, periodicity in properties of compounds).

Bonding and Molecular Structure:

Chemical bonds and Lewis structure shapes of molecules (VSEPR Theory).Quantum theory of the covalent rbond (Hydrogen and some other simple molecules, carbon compounds, hybridization, Boron and Beryllium compounds).

Coordinate covalent bond (Ionic bond as an extreme case of polar covalent bond, ionic character of molecules and polar molecules. Bonding in solid state (Ionic, molecular and covalent solids, metals).Hydrogen bond, Resonance.

Carbons and its compounds:

Elemental carbon, carbon compounds, Inorganic compounds of carbon (Oxides of carbon, halides, carbides). Organic compounds, Nomenclature of organic compounds (Hydrocarbons, functional groups).Some common organic compounds (Alkanes, Alkenes, Alkyles, Alcohols, Aldehydes, Ketones, Halides, Acids, Nitro compounds and amines).


Energy changes during a chemical reaction. Internal energy and Enthalpy (Internal Energy, Enthalpy, Enthalpy changes,Orgin of Enthalpy change in reaction, Hess's low of constant heat summation, numerical based on these concepts).Heats of reactions (heat of neutralization, heat of combustion, heat effusion and vaporization).Sources if energy (Conservation of energy sources, pollution associated with consumption of fuels. The sun as the primary source).

What decides the direction of a spontaneous change in a chemical reaction? (An elementary idea of free energy change). Why energy crisis if energy is conserved in nature.

Chemical Equilibrium:

Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid-gas equilibria, equilibrium involving dissolution of solid in liquids, gases in liquids, general characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes). Equilibria Involving chemical systems (the law of chemical equilibrium, the magnitude of the equilibrium constant, numerical problems).Effect of chaining conditions of systems at equilibrium (change of temperature, change of concentration, effect of catalyst-Le Chat liar's principle).

Equilibria involving ions (ionization of electrolytes, weak and strong electrolytes, acid-base equilibrium, various concepts of acids and bases, ionization of water, pH, solubility product, numerical based on these concepts).

Redox reactions:

Oxidation and reduction as an electron transfer process. Redox reactions in aqueous solution-electro chemical cells. EMF of a galvanic cell. Dependence of EMF on concentration and temperature (nearest equation & numerical problems based on it). Electrolysis, Oxidation numbers (Rules for assigning oxidation number, redox reactions in terms of oxidation number and nomenclature). Balancing of oxidation-reduction equations.

Rates of Chemical Reactions:

Rate of reaction: Instantaneous rate of a reaction and order of reaction. Factors affecting rates of reaction (factors effecting rate of collisions encountered between the reactant molecules, effect of temperature on the reaction rate, concepts of activation energy, catalysis ).Effect of light on rates of reactions. Elementary reactions as steps to more complex reactions. How fast are chemical reactions.

Chemistry of Heavier Metals:

Iron (occurrence and extraction, compounds of iron, oxides, halides, sulphides, sulphate, alloy and steel. Copper, silver, and gold (occurrence and extraction's properties and uses, compound - sulphides, halides, and sulphates, photography).

Zinc and Mercury (occurrence and extraction, properties and uses, compound-oxides, halides, sulphides and sulphates). Tin and Lead (occurrence and extraction, properties, uses, compounds-oxides, sulphides, halides).

Structure and Shape(s) of Hydrocarbons:

Alkanes (structure, isomerism, conformation)

Stereo Isomerism and chairality (origin of chairality, optical relation, recemic mixture).

Alkenes (isomerism including cis-trans).


Arenes (structure of benzene, resonance structure, isomerism in arenes).

Preparation and Properties of Hydrocarbons:

Sources of Hydrocarbons (origin and composition of coal and petroleum; Hydrocarbons from coal and petroleum, cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline- octane number, gasoline additives). Laboratory preparation of alkanes (preparation from unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkyl halides and carboxylic acids).

Laboratory preparation of alkenes (preparation from alcohols, alkyl halides).

Laboratory preparation of alkyles (preparation from calcium carbide and acetylene).x

Physical properties of alkanes (boiling and melting points, solubility and density).

Reactions of hydrocarbons 9 (oxidation, addition, substitution and miscellaneous reactions).

Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds:

Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, chromatography)

Qualitative analysis (analysis of nitrogen sulphur, phosphorus and halogens).

Quantitative analysis (estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus and oxygen).

Determination of molecular mass (victor Mayer's method, volumetric method).

Calculation of empirical formula and molecular formula.

Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis, modern methods of structure elucidation.

The Molecules of Life

The cell. Carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disacharides and polysacharides). Proteins (amino acids, peptide bond, structure of proteins, tertiary structure of proteins and denaturation, enzymes). Nucleic acids (structure, the double helix, biological function of nucleic acid, viruses).

Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding

Atoms-dual nature of matter and radiation. The uncertainty principle. Orbitals and Quantum numbers Shapes of orbitals, Electronic configuration of atoms. Molecules: Molecular orbital method. Hybridization, Dipole moment and structure of molecules.

The Solid State:

Structure of simple ionic compounds. Close - packed structures. Ionic - radii, Silicates (elementary ideas).

Imperfection in solids (point defects only). Properties of solids. Amorphous solids.

The Gaseous state:

Ideal gas equation-kinetic theory (fundamentals only).


Types of solution, Vapor-pressure of solutions and Raoult's law. Colligative properties.

Non-ideal solutions and abnormal molecular masses. Mole concept-stoichemistry, volumetric analysis, concentration unit.

Chemical thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics: Internal energy, Enthalpy, application of first law of thermodynamics

Second law of thermodynamics: Entropy, Free energy, Spontaneity of a chemical reaction, free energy change chemical equilibrium, free energy as energy available for useful work.

Third law of thermodynamics


Electrolytic conduction. Voltage cell, Electrode potential and Electromotive force, Gibb's free energy and cell potential. Electrode potential and Electrolysis. Primary cells including fuel cells. Corrosion.

Chemical Kinetics:

Rate expression. Order of reaction (with suitable examples). Units of rate and specific rate constants. Order of reaction and concentration, (study will be confined to first order only). Temperature dependence of rate constant - Fast reactions (only elementary idea). Mechanism of reaction (only elementary idea). Photo chemical reactions.

Organic Chemistry Based on Functional Group -1

(Halides and Hydroxy compounds)

Nomenclature of compounds containing halogen atoms and hydroxylgroups:haloalkanes, haloareness; alcohols and phenols. Correlation of physical properties and uses. Preparation, properties and uses of following: Polyhalogen compounds:Chloroform, idoform Polyhydric compounds. Ethane 1,2 -diol; Propane - 1,2,3 triol. Structure and reactivity - (a) induction effect, (b) Mesomeric effect, (c) Electrohiles and Meneophiles.

Organic Chemistry Based on Functional Group -II:

(Ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives). Nomenclature of ethers, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, (acylhalides, acid anhydrides, amides and esters).

General methods of preparation , correlation of physical properties with their structure, chemical uses.

(Note: Specific compounds should not be stressed for the purpose of evaluation)

Organic Chemistry Based on Functional Groups III:

(Cyanides, isocyanides, nitrocompounds and amines)

Nomenclature of cyanides and isocyanides; nitro compounds and amines and their methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with structure, chemical reactions uses.

Chemistry of Representative Elements:

Periodic properties - Trends in groups and periods (a) Oxides-nature (b) Halides-melting points (c) Carbonates and Sulphates - sikyvukutt,

The chemistry of s and p block elements, electronic configuration, general characteristic properties and oxidation states of the following:

Group 1 elements - Alkali metals

Group 2 elements - Alkaline earth metals

Group 13 elements - Boron family group

14 elements - Carbon family Group

15 elements -Nitrogen family Group

16 elements - Oxygen family group

17 elements - Halogen family Group

18 elements - Noble gases and Hydrogen.

Transition Metals including Lanthanides:

Electronic configuration: General characteristic properties, oxidation states of transition metals. First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds-oxides, halide and sulphides. General properties of second and third row transition elements (Group wise discussion). Preparation of Potassium dichromate, Potassium permanganate. Inner transition elements: General discussion with special reference to oxidation states and Lanthanide contraction.

Coordination Chemistry and Organo Metallics:

Coordination compounds; Nomenclature : isomerism in coordination compounds; Bonding in coordination compounds; Stability of coordination compounds; application of coordination compounds; Compounds containing metal-carbon bond; Application of organometallics.

Nuclear Chemistry:

Nature of radiation from radioactive substances. Nuclear structure and nuclear properties. Nuclear reactions; Radioactive disintegration series; Artificial transmutation of elements; Nuclear fission and Nuclear fusion: Isotopes and their uses; Radio carbon-dating; Synthetic elements.

Synthetic and Natural Polymers:

Classification of Polymers, natural and synthetic polymers (with stress on their general methods of preparation) and important uses of the Teflon, PVC, Polystyrene, Nylon - 66, terylene.

Environmental pollution - pollutants -services-check and alternatives.

Surface: Chemistry

Surfaces: Adsorption

Colloids-(preparation and general properties) Emulsions, Micelles.

Catalysis: Homogenous and heterogeneous, structure of catalyst.

Bio Molecules:

Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides.

Amino Acids and Peptides - Structure and classification.

Proteins and Enzymes - structure of Proteins, Role of enzymes.

Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA

Biological functions of Nucleic acids- Proteins synthesis and replication.

Lipids - Structure, membranes and their functions.

Chemistry of Biological Process.

Carbohydrate and their Metabolism, Hemoglobin blood and respiration; Immune system; Vitamins and qhormones. Simple idea of chemical evolution.

Chemistry in Action

Dyes, chemicals in medicines, Rocket propellents. (Structural formulae non-evaluative).

KLE University 2009 Biology Syllabus 

The Living World

Nature and Scope of Biology. Methods of Biology. Our Place in the universe. Laws that governs the Universe and life. Level of organization. Cause and effect relationship. Being alive.

What does it mean? Present approach to understand life processes: Molecular approach; life as an expression of energy; steady state and homeostasis; self duplication and survival, adaptation; death as a positive part of life. An attempt to define life in the above.

Origin of Life and its maintenance. Origin and diversity of life. Physical and chemical principles that maintain life processes, the living crust and interdependence. The positive and negative aspects of progress in biological sciences. The future of the living world, identification of human responsibility in shaping our future. Cell as a unit of life.

Small bimolecules; water, minerals, mono and oligosaccharides, lipids, amino acids, nucleotides and their Biology, cellular locations and function. Macromolecules in cells-their Biology, Cellular location and functional significance. Polysaccharides, proteins and nucleic acids. Enzymes; chemical nature, classification, mechanism in action-enzyme complex, allosteric Modulation (brief), irreversible activation, Biomembrance.

Fluid mosaic model of membrane in transport recognition of external information (brief).Structutl orgainsation of the cell; light and electron microscopic views of cell, its organelles and their functions; Nucleus mitochondria chloroplasts, endoplasmic reticulum. Golgi complex, Lysosomes, microtubules, cell wall, cilia, and flagella, vacuoles, cell inclusion. A general account of cellular respiration.

Fermentation, biological oxidation (a cycle outline), mitochondrial electron transport chain, high energy bonds and oxidative phosphorylation, cell reproduction; Process of mitosis and Meiosis.

Diversity of life:

Introduction: The enormous variety of living things, the need for classification to cope with this variety, taxonomy and phylogeny; shortcomings of a two kingdom classification as plants and animals; a five kingdom classification. Monera, Protista, Plantae, Fungi and Animalia. The basic features of five kingdom classification, modes of obtaining nutrition-autorophs and heterotrophs. Life styles; producers. consumers and decomposers, Unicellularity and multicellularity phylogentic relationships.

Concepts of species, taxon and categories hierarchical levels of classification; binomial nomenclature; principles of classification and nomenclature; identification and nature of viruses and bacteriophages and organisms kingdom Moera-archeabacteris-life in extreme environments, Bacteria, actinomycetes, Cyanobacteris.

Examples to illustrate autotrophic and heterotrophic life style; mineralizer - nitrogen fixers; Monera in cycling matter, symbiotic forms; disease producers. Kingdom Protisa-Eucaryon, Unicellular organisms; development of flagella and cilia; beginning of mitosis; syngamy and sex. Various lifestyles shown in the major phyla.

Evolutionary precursors of complex life forms. Diatoms, dinoflagellates, slime moulds, protozons; symbiotic forms. Plants kingdom-complex autotrophs,red brown and green algae; conquest of land,bryophytes,ferms.gymnosperms and angiospherms.Vasculrization;development of flower, fruit and seed, Kingdom fungi-lower fungi (Zygomycetes)higher fungi; (Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes, the importance of fungi Decomposers;parasitics forms; lichens and mycorrhizae,animal kingdom-animal body pattern and symmetry, the development of body cavity in invertebrate,vertebrate physia.

Salient feature with reference to habitat and examples of phylumporifera, coelenterata, helminthas, annelids, mollusca, arthropoda, ethindoerms, chordata - (classes fishes amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammal) highlighting major characters.

Organism and Environment:

Species: Origin and concepts of species population: interaction between environment and population community, interaction between different species, biotic stability, changes in the community-succession, Ecosystem; Interaction between biotic and abiotic components; major ecosystems, Man made ecosystem-Agroecosytem.

Biosphere; flow of energy, trapping of solar energy, energy pathway, food chain, food web, biogeochemical cycles, calcium and sulphur, ecological imbalance and its consequences. Conservation of natural resources; renewable and non-renewable (in Brief).Water and land management, wasteland development.

Wild life and forest conservation; causes for the extinction of some wild life, steps taken to conserve the remaining species, concepts of endangered species-Indian examples, conservation of forest; Indian forests, importance of forest, hazards of deforestation, aforestation. Environment pollution; air and water pollution, sources, major pollutants of big cities of our country, their effects and methods of control, pollution due to nuclear fallout and waste disposal, effect and control ,noise pollution; sources and effects.

Multicellularity: Structure and Function- Plant Life Form and function. Tissue system in flowing plants; meristematic and permanent. Minerals nutrition - essential elements, major functions of different elements, passive and active uptake of minerals. Modes of nutrition, transport of solutes and water in plants, Photosynthesis; photochemical and biosynthetic phases, diversity in photosynthetic pathways, photosynthetic electron transport and photophosphorylation, photorespiration.Transpiration and exchange of gases.

Stomatal mechanism. Osmoregulation in plants, water relations in plants cells, water potential. Reproduction and development in Angiosperms plants; asexual and sexual. Structure and functions of flower: development of male and female gametophytes in angiosperms, pollination, Fertilization and development of endosperms, embryo seed and fruit. Differentiation and organ formation. Plant hormones and growth regulation; Action of plant hormones in relation to seed dormancy and germination, apical dominance, senescence and abscission.

Applications of synthetic growth regulators. A brief account of growth and movements in plants, rhotomorphogenesis in plants including a brief account of phytochrome.

Fllulticelluriarity: Structure and Function -Animal Life

Animal tissues, epithelial, connective, musculear, nerve. Animal nutrition; organs of digestion and digestive process, nutritional requirements for carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals and vitamins: nutritional imbalances and deficiency diseases. Gas exchange and transport: Pulmonary gas exchange and organs involved, transport of gases in blood gas exchange in aqueous media. Circulation: closed and open vascular systems, structure and pumping action of hearts, arterial blood pressure,lymph.

Excreation and osomoregulation. Ammonotelism, Ureotelism, uricotelism, execration of water and urea with special reference to man. Role of kidney in regulation of plasma, osmolarity on the basis of nephron structure, skin and lung in excretion. Hormonal coordination; hormones of mammals, role of hormones as messengers and regulators.

Nervous coordination, central autonomic and peripheral nervous systems,receptors,effectors reflex,action,basic physiology of special senses, integrative control by neuroendocrinal systems. Locomotion; joints, muscle movements, types of skeletal muscles according to types of movement, basic aspects of human skeleton.

Reproduction; human reproducation, female reproductive cycles. Embryonic development in mammals (up to three germs layers), growth, repair and ageing.

Continuity of Life:

Heredity and variation: Introducation, Mendel's experiments with peas and idea of factors. Mendel's law of inheritance. Genes: Packing of heredity material in prokaryestes-bacterial chromosome; plasmid and eukaryote chromosome, Extrnuclear genes, viral genes. Linkage (genetic) maps.Sex determination and sexlinkage. Genetic material and its replication, gene manipulation.

Gene expression; gentic code, transcription, translation, gene regulation. Molecular basis of differentiation.

Origin and Evolution of Life

Origin of life: Living and non-living, chemical evolution, organic evolution: Oparin ideas, Miller-Urey experiments. Interrelationship among living organisms and evidence of evolution fossil records including geological time scale. Morphological evidence - hemolgy, vestigial organs, embryological similarities and biogeographically evidence.

Darwin's two major contributions. Common origin of living organisms and recombination as a sources of variability, selection acts upon variation, adaption (Lederberg's replica plating experiment for indirect selection of bacterial mutants), reproductive isolation, speciation. Role of selection change and drift in determining composition of population. Selected examples : industrial melanism; drug resisitence,mimicry,malaria in relation to g-6-PD deficiency and sickle cell diseases.

Human evolution:

Paleontological evidence, man; s place among mammals. B idea of Dryopithecus,Australopithecus,home erectus,H.neadnderthlensis,Cromagnon man and homo sapiens, Human chromosomes, similarity in different racial groups.Comparision with chromosome of non- human prime to indicate common origin; cultural vs. biological evolution. Mutation- Their role is speciation. Their origin in speciation, their origin in organisms.

Application of Biology:

Introduction, Role of Biology in the amelioration of human problems. Domestication of plant-a historical account, improvement of crop plants; Principles of plant breeding and plant introduction. Use of fertilizers economic and ecological aspects.

Use of pesticides: advantages and hazards. Biological methods of pest control. Crops today. Current concerns, Gene pools and genetic conservation.

Underutilized crops with potential uses for oilseeds, medicines, beverages, spices, fodder. New crops- Leucaena (Subabul), jojoba, Guayyle, winged bean, etc. Biofertilisers - green manure, crop residues and nitrogen fixation (symbiotic, non symbiotic). Application of tissue culture and genetic engineering in crops.

Domestication and introduction of animals, Livestock, poultry, fisheries (fresh water, marl aquaculture). Improvement of animals; principles of animal breeding. Major animals diseases and their conti Insects and their products (silk, honey, wax and lac). Bioenergy biomass, wood (combustion, gasification, enthanol Cow dung cakes, gobar gas, plants as sources of hydrocarbons for producing petroleum, ethanol from starch and lignocellulose.

Biotechnology, a brief historical account-manufacture of cheese, yogurt, alcohol, yeast, vitamins, organic acids, anti-biotics, steroids, dextrins. Scaling up laboratory findings to industrial production.

Production of insulin, human growth hormones, interferon. Communicable disease including STD and diseases spread through blood transfusion (hepatitis, AIDS, etc) immune response, vaccines and antisera.

Allergies and inflammations, Inherited diseases and sex-linked diseases, genetic Incompatibilities, and genetic counseling, Cancer-major types, causes, diagnosis and treatment. Tissue and organ transplantation.

Community health services and measures. Blood banks. Mental health, smoking, alcoholism and drug addiction-physiological symptoms and control measures. Industrial wastes, toxicology, pollution-related diseases. Biomedical engineering spare parts for man, instruments for diagnosis of diseases and care.

Human population related diseases. Human population growth problems and control, inequality between sexes-control measures; test -tube babies amniocentesis. Future of Biology.

Related Pages

AIIMS Medical Entrance Exam  |  AFMC Medical Entrance Exams  |  AIPMT Medical Entrance Exam  |  AIPVT Medical Entrance Exam  |  AIMS Medical Entrance Exam  |  AMUPMDC Medical Entrance Exams  |  AU AIMEE Medical Entrance Exam  |  BIHER Medical Entrance Exam  |  BHU Medical Entrance Exam  |  BLDE UGET Medical Entrance Exam  | CETPPMC Medical Entrance Exams    |  GGSIP CET Medical Entrance Exam  |  CMC Vellore Medical Entrance Exam  |  COMEDK UGET Medical Entrance Exam  |  Christian Medical Entrance Exam  |  DUMET Medical Entrance Exams  |  AICET Medical Entrance Exam  |  EAMCET Medical Entrance Exam  |  GCET Medical Entrance Exam  |  Haryana PMT Medical Entrance Exam  |  HP CPMT Medical Entrance Exam  |  Karnataka CET Medical Entrance Exam  |  KEAM Medical Entrance Exams  |  KLE UGAIET Medical Entrance Exam  |  KRLMPCA UGCET Medical Entrance Exam  |  MAHER Medical Entrance Exam  |  Manipal Medical Entrance Exam   |  ENAT Medical Entrance Exams   |  MGIMS Wardha Medical Entrance Exam  |  MH SSE Medical Entrance Exam  |  MP DMAT Medical Entrance Exam |  MPMT Medical Entrance Exam |  Orissa JEE Medical Entrance ExamsPIMS Medical Entrance Exam  |  PMET Medical Entrance Exam  |  Pondicherry Medical Entrance Exam  |  RPMT Medical Entrance Exams  |  SAAT Medical Entrance Exam  |  SRM University Medical Entrance ExamUPCAT Medical Entrance Exam  |  UPCMET Medical Entrance Exam  |  UPCPMT Medical Entrance Exam  |  UPMT Medical Entrance Exam  |  Vinayaka Medical Entrance Exam  |  WB JEE Medical Entrance Exams