SCRA - Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination

Special Class Railway Apprentices Examination - SCRA Exam 2009

1. An examination for selection of candidates for appointment as Special Class Railway Apprentices in Mechanical Department of Indian Railways will be held by the Union Public Service Commission on 26th July, 2009 in accordance with the Rules published by the Ministry of Railways (Railways Board) in the Gazette of India dated the 28th February, 2009.

2. The approximate number of vacancies, to be filled on the results of the examination is 44.

The number of vacancies mentioned above is liable to alteration.

Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government.


1. Candidates to Ensure Their Eligibility for the Examination:


The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility condition for admission to examination.

Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions

Mere issue of admission certificate to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission.

Commission take up verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents only after the candidate has qualified for interview/Personality Test.

2. Application Form:

Candidates must apply in the Common application form devised by the Commission for its examinations, which can be purchased from the designated Head post Offices/Post Offices (specified in Appendix-III of the Notice) throughout the country against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees Twenty Only). Each such Form can be used only once and only for one examination.

In case of any difficulty in Application Forms from the designated HPOs/POs, the candidates should immediately contact the concerned post Master or UPSC's "Forms Supply Monitaring Cell" over

Telephone No: 011-23389366
Fax No: 011-23387310.

Candidates are advised to read carefully the "Instructions for filling up the Application form"given in Appendix of this Notice.

3. Last Date for Receipt of Applications:

All applications must reach the following address

Union Public Service Commission,
Dholpur House,
Shahjahan Road,
New Delhi - 110069.

Either by hand or by Post/Speed Post or by Courier, on or before the 30th March, 2009.

The candidate should note that applications will be received by hand, only one at a time, at the designated counter(s) and not in bulk, till 5 PM only.

However, in respect of candidates residing abroad or in certain remote localities specified in Para 6 of this Notice the last date for receipt of applications by Post/Speed Post only (not by Hand or by Courier) is 06th April, 2009.

4. Penalty for Wrong Answers:

Candidates should note that there will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.

5. Facilitation Counter for Guidance of Candidates :

In case of any guidance/information/clarification regarding their applications, candidature etc. candidates can contact UPSC's Facilitation Counter near 'C' gate of its campus in person or over

Telephone No: 011-23385271
Fax No: 011-23381125/011-23098543

On working days between 10.00 hrs to 17.00 hrs.

6. Mobile Phone Banned :

  1. Mobile phones, pagers or any other communication devices are not allowed inside the premises where the examination is being conducted. Any infringement of these instructions shall entail disciplinary action including ban from future examinations.

  2. Candidates are advised in their own interest not to bring any of the banned item including mobile phones/pagers to the venue of the examination, as arrangement for safekeeping can not be assured.

7. Candidates are advised not to bring any valuable/costly items to the Examination Halls, as safe keeping of the same cannot be assured. Commission will not be responsible for any loss in this regard.

Exam Centers

The Examination will be held at the following centres:

Agartala45Gangtok42Panaji (Goa)36
Aizwal47Imphal44Port Blair37
Allahabad02Itanagar48Raipur 49


Area Coe for Remote Areas and Abroad

Assam01Jammu & Kashmir09Meghalaya02
Lahaul and Spiti District and Pangi Sub Division of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh10Arunachal Pradesh03Mizoram04
Manipur05Nagaland06Andaman & Nicobar Islands11

The centres and the date of holding the examination as mentioned above are liable to be changed at the discretion of the Commission.

While every effort will be made to allot the candidates to the centres of their choice for examination, the Commission may, at their discretion, allot a different centre to a candidate, when circumstances so warrant.

Candidates admitted to the examination will be informed of the time table and place or places of examination.

Candidates should note that no request for change of centre will normally be granted. However, when a candidate desires a change in centre from the one he had indicated in his Application form for the Examination, he must send a letter addressed to the Secretary, Union Public Service Commission, giving full justification as to why he desires a change in centre.

Such requests will be considered on merits but requests received in the Commission’s Office after 29th April, 2009 will not be entertained under any circumstances.

Eligibility 2009

(I) Nationality

A candidate must be either :—

  1. A citizen of India, or

  2. A subject of Nepal, or

  3. A subject of Bhutan, or

  4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or

  5. A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.


Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him by the Government of India.

(II) Age Limits :

A candidate must have attained the age of 17 years and must not have attained the age of 21 years on 1st August, 2009, i.e. he must have been born not earlier than 2nd August, 1988 and not later than 1st August, 1992.

The upper age limit is relaxable as follows:

  1. Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribe.

  2. Upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates.

  3. Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989.

  4. Upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services personnel disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence there of:

  5. Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years Military Service as on 1st August, 2009 and have been released

  6. on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2009 otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficiency, or

    1. on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service, or

    2. on invalidment.

Upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2009 and whose assignment has been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and that they will be released on three month's notice on selection from the date of receipt of offer of appointment.

Note: I

  • Candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes who are also covered under any other clauses of para 3(II) (b) above, viz. those coming under the category of Ex-servicemen, persons domiciled in the State of J & K etc. will be eligible for grant of cumulative age-relaxation under both the categories.

Note: II

  • The term ex-servicemen will apply to the persons who are defined as ex-servicemen in the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, as amended from time to time.

Note: III

  • The age concession under Para 3 (II) (b) (v) to (vi) will not be admissible to Ex-servicemen and Commissioned officers including ECOs/SSCOs, who are released on their own request.

Save As Provided Above the Age Limits Prescribed Can In No Case Be Relaxed.

The date of birth accepted by the Commission is that entered in the Matriculation or Secondary School Leaving Certificate or in a certificate recognised by an Indian University as equivalent to Matriculation or in an extract from a Register of Matriculates maintained by a University, which extract must be certified by the proper authority of the University or in the Higher Secondary or an equivalent examination certificate.

These certificates are required to be submitted only after the declaration of the result of the written part of the examination.

No other document relating to age like horoscopes, affidavits, birth extracts from Municipal Corporation, service records and the like will be accepted.

The expression Matriculation/Higher Secondary Examination Certificate in this part of the instruction includes the alternative certificates mentioned above.

Note: 1

  • Candidates should note that only the Date of Birth as recorded in the Matriculation/Higher Secondary Examination Certificate or an equivalent certificate as on the date of submission of applications will be accepted by the Commission and no subsequent request for its change will be considered or granted.

Note: 2

  • Candidates should also note that once a Date of Birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records of the Commission for the purpose of admission to an Examination, no change will be allowed subsequently (or at any other Examination of the Commission) on any grounds whatsoever.

Note: 3

  • The candidates should exercise due care while entering their date of birth in column 8 of the application form for the examination.

  • If on verification at any subsequent stage, any variation is found in their date of birth from the one entered in their matriculation or equivalent Examination certificate, disciplinary action will be taken against them by the commission under the Rules.

Educational Qualification

For admission to the examination a candidate–

Must have passed in the first or second division, the Intermediate or an equivalent Examination of a University or Board approved by the Government of India with Mathematics and atleast one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.

Graduates with Mathematics and atleast one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as their degree subjects may also apply, or

Must have passed in the first or second divsion, the Higher Secondary (12 years) Examination under 10 plus 2 pattern of School Education with Mathematics and atleast one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination, or


Must have passed the first year Examination under the three year degree course of a university or the first examination of the three year diploma course in Rural Service of the National Council for Rural Higher Education or the third year Examination for promotion to the 4th year of the four year B.A./B.Sc. (Evening College) Course of the Madras University with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination provided that before joining the degree/diploma course he passed the Higher Secondary examination or the Pre-University or equivalent examination in the first or second division.

Candidates who have passed the first/second year examination under the three-years degree course in the first or second division with Mathematics and either Physics or Chemistry as subjects of the Examination may also apply; provided the first/second year examination is conducted by a University; or

  1. Must have passed in the first or second division the Pre-Engineering Examination of a University, approved by the Government of India; or

  2. must have passed in the first or second division the Pre-Professional/Pre-Technological Examination of any Indian University or a recognised Board, with Mathematics and at least, one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination conducted one year after the Higher Secondary or Pre-University stage; or

  3. must have passed the first year examination under the five year Engineering Degree Course of a University : Provided that before joining the Degree Course, he passed the Higher Secondary Examination or pre-University or equivalent examination in the first or second division.

Candidates who have passed the first year Examination of the five-year Engineering Degree Course in the first or second division may also apply provided the first year Examination is conducted by a University; or

Must have passed in the first or second division the Pre-Degree Examination of the Universities of Kerala and Calicut with Mathematics and at least one of the subjects Physics and Chemistry as subjects of the examination.

Note I:

  • Candidates who are not awarded any specific division by the University/Board either in the Intermediate or any other examination mentioned above will be considered educationally eligible provided their aggregate of marks falls within the range of marks for first or second division as prescribed by the University/Board concerned.

Note II:

  • Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them eligible to appear at the examination but have not been informed of the results, may apply for admission to the examination. Candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination may also apply.

  • Such candidates will be admitted to the examination, if otherwise eligible but their admission would be deemed to be provisional and subject to cancellation, if they do not produce proof of having passed the requisite qualifying examination along with the detailed applications which will be required to be submitted by the candidates who qualify on the results of the written part of the examination.

Note III:

  • In exceptional cases, the Commission may treat a candidate who has not any of the qualifications prescribed in this rule as educationally qualified provided that he possesses qualifications the standard of which in the opinion of the Commission, justifies his admission to the examination.

Note IV:

  • Diplomas in Engineering awarded by the State Boards of Technical Education are not acceptable for admission to the Special Class Railway Apprentices’ Examination.

SCRA Exam 2009 Physical Standards:

Candidates must be physically fit according to physical standards for admission to Special Class Railway Apprentices’ Examination, 2009 as per Regulations given in Appendix-II of the rules for the Special Class Railway Apprentices, Examination, 2009 published in Gazette of India dated 28th February, 2009.

Application Fee

A candidate seeking admission to examination must pay to the Commission a fee of Rs.50.00 (Rupees Fifty only) through a single Central Recruitment Fee Stamp.

Central Recruitment Fee Stamp of the requisite denomination (NOT postage stamps) must be obtained from the post office and affixed on the application form in the space provided therein.

The stamp may be got cancelled from the issuing Post Office with the date stamp of the post office in such a manner that the impression of the cancellation mark partially overflows on the application form itself but within the space provided on the form.

The impression of the cancellation mark should be clear and distinct to facilitate the identification of date and the Post Office of issue.


Candidates residing abroad should deposit the prescribed fee in the office of India's High Commissioner, Ambassador or representative abroad as the case may be for credit to account head "051-Public Service Commission-Examination Fees" and attach the receipt with the application.

Application not complying with the requirement will be summarily rejected. This does not apply to the candidates who are seeking remission of the prescribed fee under the following paragraphs.

Candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes are not required to pay any fee.

No fee exemption is, However, available to OBC candidates and they are required to pay the full prescribed fee.

'Postage Stamp' will in no case be accepted in lieu of ‘Central Recruitment Fee Stamp’.

Candidates should note that the fee sent through Indian Postal Orders, Bank Draft, Money Order, Crossed Cheque, Currency notes or Treasury Challan etc. will not be accepted by the Commission and such applications will be treated as without fee and will be summarily rejected.

Note : Fee once paid shall not be refunded under any circumstances nor can the fee be held in reserve for any other examination or selection.

Application Form

The UPSC have developed an application form common for all their examinations which will be processed on computerised machines.

This application form alongwith an Information Brochure containing general instructions for filling up the form, an acknowledgement card and an envelope for sending the application is obtainable from the designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices throughout the country as listed against cash payment of Rs. 20/- (Rupees twenty only).

Form should be purchased from the designated Post Offices only and not from any other agency. This form can be used only once and for only one examination.

Candidates must use the form supplied with the Information Brochure only and they should in no case use photocopy/reproduction/unauthorisedly printed copy of the Form.


Since this form is electronically scannable, due care should be taken to fill up the application form correctly. While filling up the application form, please refer to detailed instructions.

The candidates should also fill up in the relevant places of the Acknowledgement Card, their Application Form Number (8-digit) and the name of the examination.

The applicants are required to affix the postage stamp of Rs.6/- on the Acknowledgement Card and send the same along with application form to UPSC.

If an applicant fails to affix the postage stamp of requisite amount his acknowledgement card will not be despatched and Commission will not be responsible for non-receipt of acknowledgement card by the applicant.

The duly filled in application form and the acknowledgement card should then be mailed in the special envelope supplied with the Information Brochure.

You should also write the name of examination viz."Special Class Railway Apprentices' Examination, 2009" on the envelope before despatching it to the following address

Union Public Service Commission,
Dholpur House,
Shahjahan Road,
New Delhi-110069.

All candidates, whether already in Government Service, or in Government owned industrial undertakings or other similar organisations or in private employment should submit their applications direct to the Commission.

If any candidate forwards his application through his employer and it reaches the Union Public Service Commission late, the application, even if submitted to the employer before the closing date, will not be considered.

Persons already in Government service, whether in a permanent or temporary capacity or as work charged employees other than casual or daily rated employees or those serving under Public Enterprises are however, required to submit an undertaking that they have informed in writing their Head of Office/Department that they have applied for the Examination.

Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their employer by the Commission withholding permission to the candidates applying for/appearing at the examination, their applications will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled.

Note 1:

While filling in his application form, the candidate should carefully decide about his choice for the centre. More than one application from a candidate giving different centres will not be accepted in any case.

Even if a candidate sends more than one completed application the Commission will accept only one application at their discretion and the Commission's decision in the matter shall be final.

If any candidate appears at a centre other than the one indicated by the Commission in his Admission Certificate, the papers of such a candidate will not be valued and his candidature will be liable to cancellation.

Note-2 :

Since these application forms are to be processed in a computerised system, due care should be taken by the candidates to fill up their application form correctly.

Incomplete or defective applications shall be summarily rejected. No representation or correspondence regarding such rejection shall be entertained under any circumstances.

Candidates are not required to submit alongwith their applications any certificate in support of their claims regarding Age, Educational Qualifications, Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes etc.

The candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of examination for which they are admitted by the Commission viz.

Written Examination and Interview Test will be purely provisional, subject to their satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. If on verification at any time before or after the written Examination or Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfil any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the Commission.

Candidates are requested to keep ready the attested copies of the following documents for submission to the Commission soon after the declaration of the result of the written part of the examination which is likely to be declared in the month of November, 2009.

  1. Certificate of Age.

  2. Certificate of Educational Qualification indicating the subjects and division secured.

  3. Certificate in support of claim to belong to Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe and Other Backward Classes where applicable.

  4. Certificate in support of claim for age/fee concession, where applicable.

Immediately after the declaration of the result of the written part of the examination, successful candidates will be sent a detailed application form by the Commission requiring additional information to be furnished.

The attested copies of the above mentioned certificates will have to be sent to the Commission at that time. Originals will have to be produced at the time of interview.

If any of their claims is found to be Incorrect, they may render themselves liable to disciplinary action by the Commission in terms of rule 11 of the rules for the Special Class Railway Apprentices' examination, 2009 notified in the Gazette of India dated 28th February, 2009 and also reproduced below:

A candidate who is or has been declared by the Commission to be guilty of:

  1. Obtaining support for his candidature by any means; or

  2. Impersonating; or

  3. Procuring impersonation by any person; or

  4. Submitting fabricated documents or documents which have been tampered with; or

  5. Making statements which are incorrect or false or suppressing material information; or

  6. Resorting to any other irregular or improper means in connection with his candidature for the examination; or

  7. Using unfair means during the examination; or

  8. Writing irrelevant matter, including obscene language or pornographic matter, in the script(s); or

  9. Misbehaving in any other manner in the examination hall; or

  10. Harassing or doing bodily harm to the Staff employed by the Commission for the conduct of their examination; or

  11. Being in possession of or using mobile phone, pager or any electronic equipment or device or any other equipment capable of being used as a communication device during the examination; or

  12. Violating any of the instructions issued to candidates alongwith their Admission Certificates permitting them to take the examination; or

  13. Attempting to commit or as the case may be abetting the commission of all or any of the acts specified in the foregoing clauses;

May in addition to rendering himself liable to criminal prosecution is liable

  1. To be disqualified by the Commission from the examination for which he is a candidate and/or

  2. To be debarred either permanently or for a specified period

    1. By the Commission from any examination or selection held by them;

    2. By the Central Government from any employment under them; and

  3. If he is already in service under Government to disciplinary action under the appropriate rules.

Provided that no penalty under this rules shall be imposed except after

  1. Giving the candidate an opportunity of making such representation, in writing as he may wish to make in that behalf; and

  2. Taking the representation, if any, submitted by the candidate within the period allowed to him into consideration.

Application Last Date

The completed Application Form must reach the following address on or before 30th March, 2009.

The Secretary,
Union Public Service Commission,
Dholpur House,
Shahjahan Road,
New Delhi 110069.

In respect of applications received only by post (by speed post/post) from the candidates residing in Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Lahaul and Spiti District and Pangi Sub-Division of Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands or Lakshadweep or abroad, the last date for receipt of applications is 6th April, 2009.

The benefit of extended time will be available only in respect of applications received by post/speed post from the above mentioned areas/regions.


In the case of applications received by hand or through courier service, benefit of extended time will not be available regardless of the place of residence of the applicant.

Candidates who are claiming the benefit of extended time should clearly indicate in column 13 (II) of the application form, the area code of the particular area or region (e.g. Assam, Meghalaya, J&K etc.) where they are residing. In case they fail to do so, the benefit of extended time will not be allowed to them.

Note: (i)

  • Candidates should clearly note that the Commission will in no case be responsible for non-receipt of their application or any delay in receipt thereof on any account whatsoever.

  • No application received after the prescribed last date will be entertained under any circumstances and all the late applications will be summarily rejected. They should therefore, ensure that their applications reach the Commission's Office on or before the prescribed last date.

Note: (ii)

  • Candidates can also deliver their applications personally at the Commission's counter against proper acknowledgement. The Commission will not be responsible for the applications delivered to any other functionary of the Commission.

Note: (iii)

  • The candidate should note that applications will be received by hand, only one at a time, at the designated counter(s) and not in bulk, till 5 PM only.

Note: (iv)

  • Applications received through Couriers or Courier Services of any type shall be treated as having been received "By hand" at the Commission's Counter.

  • No application received after the prescribed last date will be considered

Scheme of Examination

The examination shall be conducted according to the following plan.

Part I Written examination carrying a maximum of 600 marks in the subjects as shown below.

Part II Personality Test carrying a maximum of 200 marks in respect of only those candidates who are declared qualified on the results of written examination.

The subjects of the written examination under Part I, the time allowed and the maximum marks allotted to each subject/paper shall be as follows:

 SubjectsCode No.Time AllowedMaximum Marks
Paper-IGeneral Ability Test (English, General Knowledge and Psychological Test)012 Hours200

Paper-IIPhysical Sciences Physics and Chemistry)022 Hours200
Paper-IIIMathematics032 Hours200
   Total Marks600

Section - I: Scheme of Examination

  1. The papers in all the subjects will consist of Objective (multiple choice answer) Type questions only. The Question Papers (Test Booklets) will be set in English only.

  2. In the question papers, wherever required, SI units will be used.

  3. Question Papers will be approximately of the Intermediate standard.

  4. Candidates must write the answers in their own hand. In no circumstances, will they be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them.

  5. The Commission have discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the subjects of the examination.

  6. Candidates are not permitted to use calculators for answering objective type papers (Test Booklets). They should not, therefore, bring the same inside the Examination Hall.


Paper - I
General Knowledge
Psychological Test

Paper - II

Paper - III



  • The questions will be designed to test the candidates' understanding and command of the language.


General Knowledge

  • The questions will be designed to test a candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. The standard of answers to questions should be as expected of students of standard 12 or equivalent.

  • Man and his environment

    Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genes.

    Knowledge of the human body-nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods, public health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common diseases.

    Environmental pollution and its control. Food adulteration, proper storage and preservation of food grains and finished products, population explosion, population control.

    Production of food and raw materials. Breeding of animals and plants, artificial insemination, manures and fertilizers, crop protection measures, high yielding varieties and green revolution, main cereal and cash crops of India.

    Solar system and the earth, Seasons, Climate, Weather, Soil-its formation, erosion. Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones, floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their role in irrigation in India.

    Distribution of natural resources and industries in India. Exploration of under-ground minerals including Oil Conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the flora and fauna of India.

  • History, Politics and Society in India

    Vedic, Mahavir, Budhdha, Mauryan, Sunga, Andhra, Kushan. Gupta ages (Mauryan Pillars, Stupa Caves, Sanchi, Mathura and Gandharva Schools, Temple architecture, Ajanta and Ellora). The rise of new social forces with the coming of Islam and establishment of broader contacts.

    Transition from feudalism to capitalism. Opening of European contacts. Establishment of British rule in India. Rise of nationalism and national struggle for freedom culminating in Independence.

    Constitution of India and its characteristic features - Democracy, Secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and Parliamentary form of Government.

    Major political ideologies-democracy, socialism, communism and Gandhian idea of non-violence. Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the press, electoral system.

    India’s foreign policy and non-alignment-Arms race, balance of power. World organisation-political, social, economic and cultural. Important events (including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during the past two years.

    Broad features of Indian social system: The caste system, hierarchy - recent changes and trends. Minority social institution - marriage, family, religion and acculturation.

    Division of labour, co-operation, conflict and competition, Social control - reward and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies of social control - family, religion, state educational institutions; factors of social change- economic, technological, demographic, cultural; the concept of revolution.

    Social disorganisation in India - Casteism, communalism, corruption in public life, youth unrest, beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and unemployment.

    Social planning and welfare in India, community development and labour welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and backward classes.

    Money - Taxation, price, demographic trends, national income, economic growth. Private and Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning, balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource mobilisation. India’s Five Year Plans.

Psychological Test

  • The questions will be designed to assess the basic intelligence and mechanical aptitude of the candidate.



Length measurements using vernier, screw gauge, spherometer and optical lever. Measurement of time and mass.


Straight line motion and relationships among displacement, velocity and acceleration.

Newton's laws of motion, Momentum, impulse, work, energy and power.

Coefficient of friction.

Equilibrium of bodies under action of forces. Moment of a force, couple. Newton’s law of gravitation. Escape velocity. Acceleration due to gravity.

Mass and Weight; Centre of gravity, Uniform circular motion, centripetal force, simple Harmonic motion. Simple pendulum.

Pressure in a fluid and its variation with depth. Pascal’s law. Principle of Archimedes. Floating bodies, Atmospheric pressure and its measurement.

Temperature and its measurement. Thermal expansion, Gas laws and absolute temperature. Specific heat, latent heats and their measurement. Specific heat of gases. Mechanical equivalent of heat. Internal energy and First law of thermodynamics, Isothermal and adiabatic changes. Transmission of heat; thermal conductivity.

Wave motion; Longitudinal and transverse waves. Progressive and stationary waves, Velocity of sound in gas and its dependence on various factors. Resonance phenomena (air columns and strings).

Reflection and refraction of light. Image formation by curved mirrors and lenses, Microscopes and telescopes. Defects of vision.

Prisms, deviation and dispersion, Minimum deviation. Visible spectrum.

Field due to a bar magnet, Magnetic moment, Elements of Earth’s magnetic field. Magnetometers. Dia, para and ferromagnetism.

Electric charge, electric field and potential, Coulomb’s law.

Electric current; electric cells, e.m.f. resistance, ammeters and voltmeters. Ohm’s law; resistances in series and parallel, specific resistance and conductivity. Heating effect of current.

Wheatstone’s bridge, Potentiometer.

Magnetic effect of current; straight wire, coil and solenoid electromagnet; electric bell.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in magnetic field; moving coil galvanometers; conversion to ammeter or voltmeter.

Chemical effects of current; Primary and storage cells and their functioning, Laws of electrolysis.

Electromagnetic induction; Simple A.C. and D.C. generators. Transformers, Induction coil,

Cathode rays, discovery of the electron, Bohr model of the atom. Diode and its use as a rectifier.

Production, properties and uses of X-rays.

Radioactivity; Alpha, Beta and Gamma rays.

Nuclear energy; fission and fusion, conversion of mass into energy, chain reaction.


Physical Chemistry

  1. Atomic structure; Earlier models in brief. Atom as at three dimensional model. Orbital concept. Quantum numbers and their significance, only elementary treatment.Pauli’s Exclusion Principle. Electronic configuration. Aufbau Principle, s.p.d. and f. block elements.Periodic classification only long form. Periodicity and electronic configuration. Atomic radii, Electro-negativity in period and groups.

  2. Chemical Bonding, electro-valent, co-valent, coordinate covalent bonds. Bond Properties, sigma and Pie bonds, Shapes of simple molecules like water, hydrogen sulphide, methane and ammonium chloride. Molecular association and hydrogen bonding.

  3. Energy changes in a chemical reaction. Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions. Application of First Law of Thermodynamics, Hess’s Law of constant heat summation.

  4. Chemical Equilibria and rates of reactions. Law of Mass action. Effect of Pressure, Temperature and concentration on the rates of reaction. (Qualitative treatment based on Le Chatelier’s Principle). Molecularity; First and Second order reaction. Concept of Energy of activation. Application to manufacture of Ammonia and Sulphur trioxide.

  5. Solutions : True solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. Colligative properties of dillute solutions and determination of Molecular weights of dissolved substances. Elevation of boiling points. Depressions of freezing point, osmotic pressure. Raoult’s law (non-thermodynamic treatment only).

  6. Electro-Chemistry : Solution of Electrolytes, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, ionic equilibria, Solubility product.

  7. Oxidation - Reduction; Modern, electronics concept and oxidation number.

  8. Natural and Artificial Radioactivity: Nuclear Fission and Fusion. Uses of Radioactive isotopes.

Inorganic Chemistry

Brief Treatment of Elements and their industrially important compounds:

  1. Hydrogen : Position in the periodic table. Isotopes of hydrogen. Electronegative and electropositive character. Water, hard and soft water, use of water in industries, Heavy water and its uses.

  2. Group I Elements: Manufacture of sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate and sodium chloride.

  3. Group II Elements: Quick and slaked lime. Gypsum, Plaster of Paris. Magnesium sulphate and Magnesia.

  4. Group III Elements: Borax, Alumina and Alum.

  5. Group IV Elements: Coals, Coke and solid Fuels, Silicates, Zolitis semi-conductors. Glass (Elementary treatment).

  6. Group V Elements: Manufacture of ammonia and nitric acid. Rock Phosphates and safety matches.

  7. Group VI Elements: Hydrogen peroxide, allotropy of sulphur, sulphuric acid. Oxides of sulphur.

  8. Group VII Elements: Manufacture and uses of Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine and Iodine, Hydrochloric acid. Bleaching powder.

  9. Group (Noble gases) Helium and its uses.

  10. Metallurgical Processes: General Methods of extraction of metals with specific reference to copper, iron, aluminium, silver, gold, zinc and lead. Common alloys of these metals; Nickel and manganese steels.

Organic Chemistry

  1. Tetrahedral nature of carbon, Hybridisation and sigma pie bonds and their relative strength. Single and multiple bonds. Shapes of molecules. Geometrical and optical isomerism.

  2. General methods of preparation, properties and reaction of alkanes, alkenes and alkynes, Petroleum and its refining. Its uses as fuel.

  3. Aromatic hydrocarbons: Resonance and aromaticity. Benzene and Naphthalene and their analogues. Aromatic substitution reactions.

  4. Halogen derivatives: Chloroform, Carbon Tetrachloride, Chlorobenzene, D.D.T. and Gammexane.

  5. Hydroxy Compounds: Preparation, properties and uses of Primary, Secondary and Tertiary alcohols, Methanol, Ethanol, Glycerol and Phenol, Substitution reaction at aliphatic carbon atom.

  6. Ethers; Diethyl ether.

  7. Aldehydes and ketones: Formaldehyde, Acetaldehyde, Benzaldehyde, acetone, acetophenone.

  8. Nitro compounds amines: Nitrobenzene TNT, Anlline, Diazonium Compounds, Azodyes.

  9. Carboxylic acid: Formic, acetic, denezoic and salicylic acids, acetyl salicylic acid.

  10. Esters: Ethylacerate, Methyl salicylates, ethylbenzoate.

  11. Polymers: Polythene, Teflon, Perpex, Artificial Rubber, Nylon and polyester fibers.

  12. Nonstructural treatment of Carbohydrates, Fats and Lipids, amino acids and proteins - Vitamins and hormones



  1. Algebra:


    Concept of a set, Union and Intersection of sets, Complement of a set, Null set, Universal set and Power set, Venn diagrams and simple applications. Cartesian product of two sets, relation and mapping - examples, Binary operation on a set - examples.

    Representation of real numbers on a line. Complex numbers: Modulus, Argument, Algebraic operations on complex numbers. Cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a decimal number to a binary number and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Summation of series involving A.P., G.P., and H.P.. Quadratic equations with real co-efficients. Quadratic expressions: extreme values. Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications.

    Matrices and Determinants: Types of matrices, equality, matrix addition and scalar multiplication - properties. Matrix multiplication - non-commutative and distributive property over addition. Transpose of a matrix, Determinant of a matrix. Minors and Co-factors. Properties of determinants. Singular and non-singular matrices. Adjoint and Inverse of a square-matrix, Solution of a system of linear equations in two and three variables-elimination method, Cramers rule and Matrix inversion method (Matrices with m rows and n columns where m, n less than equal to 3 are to be considered).

    Idea of a Group, Order of a Group, Abelian group. Identitiy and inverse elements-Illustration by simple examples.

  1. Trigonometry:

    Addition and subtraction formulae, multiple and sub-multiple angles. Products and factoring formulae. Inverse trigonometric functions - Domains, Ranges and Graphs. DeMoivre's theorem, expansion of Sin n0 and Cos n0 in a series of multiples of Sines and Cosines. Solution of simple trigonometric equations. Applications: Heights and Distance.

  2. Analytic Geometry (two dimensions)

    Rectangular Cartesian. Coordinate system, distance between two points, equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Transformation of axes. Pair of straight lines, general equation of second degree in x and y - condition to represent a pair of straight lines, point of intersection, angle between two lines. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, equations of tangent and normal at a point, orthogonality of two cricles. Standard equations of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola - parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal at a point in both cartesian and parametric forms.

  3. Differential Calculus

    Concept of a real valued function - domain, range and graph. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions, algebra of real functions, examples of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits - examples. Continuity of functions - examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of a function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative - applications. Derivative of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function, chain rule. Second order derivatives. Rolle's theorem (statement only), increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima, minima, greatest and least values of a function.

  4. Integral Calculus and Differential equations :

    Integral Calculus: Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expression, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals-determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves - applications.

    Differential equations: Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equation, solution of first order and first degree differential equation of various types - examples. Solution of second order homogeneous differential equation with constant co-efficients.

  5. Vectors and its applications:

    Magnitude and direction of a vector, equal vectors, unit vector, zero vector, vectors in two and three dimensions, position vector. Multiplication of a vector by a scalar, sum and difference of two vectors, Parallelogram law and triangle law of addition. Multiplication of vectors - scalar product or dot product of two vectors, perpendicularity, commutative and distributive properties. Vector product or cross product of two vectors - its properties, unit vector perpendicular to two given vectors. Scalar and vector triple products. Equations of a line, plane and sphere in vector form - simple problems. Area of a triangle, parallelogram and problems of plane geometry and trigonometry using vector methods. Work done by a force and moment of a force.

  6. Statistics and probability:

    Statistics: Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution - examples. Graphical representation - Histogram, frequency polygon - examples. Measure of central tendency - mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation - determination and comparison. Correlation and regression.

    Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability : classical and statistical - examples. Elementary theorems on probability - simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes' theorem - simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

  7. Personality Test

    Each candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career both academic and extramural. They will be asked questions on matters of general interest. Special attention will be paid to assessing their potential qualities of leadership, initiative and intellectual curiosity, tact and other social qualities, mental and physical energy, power of practical application and integrity of character.

List Head Post Offices

List of Head Post Offices/Post Offices where UPSC application forms are available

Andhra Pradesh Circle : Hyderabad GPO, Hyderabad Jubilee, Kachiguda Stn., Khairatabad, Secunderabad, Trimulgherry, Adilabad, Anantapur, Arundelpet (Guntur), Chittoor, Cuddapah, Eluru, Kakinada, Karimnagar, Khammam, Kurnool, Machilipatnam, Mahboobnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nellore, Nizamabad, Ongole, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Vijayawada, Vikarabad, Visakhapatnam, Warangal.

Assam Circle : Guwahati, Barpeta, Dhubri, Dibrugarh, Diphu, Golaghat, Hailakandi, Jorhat, Karimganj, Kokrajhar, Mangaldoi, Nagaon, Nalbari, North Lakhimpur, Sibsagar, Silchar, Tezpur, Tinsukia.

Bihar Circle : Patna, GPO, Bankipur, Arrah, Aurangabad, B. Deoghar, Bokaro Steel City, Banka, Battiah, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif, Buxar, Chaibasa, Chapra, Daltonganj, Darbhanga, Dhanbad, Dumka, Gaya, Giridih, Gopalganj, Gumla, Hajipur, Hazaribagh, Jamshedpur, Katihar, Madhubani, Motihari, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Nawada, Purnea, Ranchi, Saharsa, Samastipur, Sasaram, Sitamarhi, Siwan.


Delhi Circle : Delhi GPO, New Delhi, Indra Prastha, Ramesh Nagar, Sarojini Nagar, Lodi Road, Krishna Nagar, Ashok Vihar, Parliament Street, UPSC PO.

Gujarat Circle : Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad, Amreli Anand, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Dahod, Godhra, Himatnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Mehesana, Navrangpura, Navsari, Palanpur, Patan, Porbandar, Rajkot, Revdi Bazar, Surat, Surendranagar, Valsad, Vadodara.

Haryana Circle : Ambala GPO, Ambala City, Bahadurgarh, Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Hissar, Jind, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Narnaul, Panipat, Rohtak, Sirsa, Sonepat.

Himachal Pradesh Circle : Shimla, Bilaspur, Chamba, Hamirpur, Kangra, Keylong, Kulu, Mandi, Nahan, Recong, Peo, Solan, Una.

Jammu & Kashmir Circle : Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramulla, Jammu, Kathua, Leh, Rajouri, Udhampur.

Karnataka Circle : Bangalore GPO, Bangalore City, Basavangudi, HAL II Stage, Jayanagar, R.T. Nagar, Bagalkot, Raichur, Rajajinagar, Belgaum Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga, Davengere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Hubli, Karwar, Kolar, Madikere, Mandya, Mangalore, Manipal, Mysore, Nanjagud, Shimoga, Sirsi, Tumkur, Udupi.

Kerala Circle : Trivandrum, Alleppey (Alappuzha), Calicut, Cannanore, Ernakulam, Kalpetta, Kasargod, Kattappana, Kottayam, Malappuram, Palghat, Pathanamthitta, Quilon, Trichur, Kavaratti, (Lakshadweep).

Madhya Pradesh Circle : Bhopal GPO, Bilaspur, Ambikapur, Balaghat, Betul, Bhind, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Dewas, Dhar, Durg, Guna, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jagdalpur, Jhabua, Khandwa, Khargone, Lashkar, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Raigarh, Raipur, Raisen, Rajgarh (Biora), Rajnandgaon, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar Cantt., Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Shajapur, Shivpuri, Sidhi, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Vidisha.

Maharashtra Circle : Mumbai GPO, Andheri, Borivili, Chembur, Chinehbunder, Dadar, Girgaon, Kalbadevi, Mahim, Mandvi, Mumbai Central, Ahmednagar, Akola, Alibag, Amravati, Aurangabad, Beed, Bhandara, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Dhule, Jalagaon, Jalna, Karad, Kolhapur, Latur, Nagpur GPO, Nanded, Nasik, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Pune, Ratnagiri, Sangli, Satara, Sawantwadi, Solapur, Thane, Wardha, Yeotmal, Margaon (Goa), Panaji (Goa).

North East Circle : Agartala, Aizwal, Dharmanagar, Imphal, Itanagar, Kohima, Radhakishorepur, Shillong, Tura.

Orissa Circle : Bhubaneswar GPO, Angul, Bolangir, Balasore, Bargarh, Baripada, Berhamapur, Bhadrak, Bhawanipatna, Cuttack GPO, Dhenkanal, Jagatsinghpur, Jajpur, Jeypore (K), Jharsuguda, Kendrapara, Keonjhargar, Koraput, Nayagarh, Parlakhemundi, Phulbani, Puri, Rayagada, Sambalpur, Sundargarh.

Punjab Circle : Amritsar, Bhatinda, Faridkot, Ferozepur, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar City, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Moga, Patiala, Ropar, Sangrur, Chandigarh.

Rajasthan Circle : Jaipur GPO, Jawahar Nagar, Shastri Nagar, Ajmer, Alwar, Banswara, Baran, Barmer, Bharatpur, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Churu, Dausa, Dholpur, Dungarpur, Hanumangarh, Hindaun, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jhalawar, Jhunjhunu, Jodhpur, Kankroli, Kota, Nagaur, Pali Marwar, Sawaimadhopur, Shastri Circle Udaipur, Sikar, Sirohi, Sriganganagar, Tonk.

Tamil Nadu Circle : Chennai GPO, Anna Road, St. Thomas Mount, T. Nagar, Bodinayakanur, Chengalpattu, Chidambaram, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanchipuram, Karur, Madurai, Nagapattinam, Nagercoil, Namakkal, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Salem, Sivagangai, Tambaram, Thanjavur, Thiruvannamalai, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvallur, Tiruvayur, Turaiyur, Tuticorin, Udhagamandalam, Vellore, Villupuram, Virudhunagar, Pondicherry

Uttar Pradesh Circle : Lucknow, Lucknow Chowk, Agra, Akbarpur, Aligarh, Allahabad, Allahabad Katchery, Almora, Auraiya, Azamgarh, Bahraich, Ballia, Balrampur, Banda, Bansi, Barabanki, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Budaun, Bulandshahr, Dehradun, Deoria, Dhampur, Etah, Etawah, Faizabad, Fatehgarh, Fatehpur, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gopeshwar, Gorakhpur, Haldwani, Hamirpur,Hardoi, Jaunpur, Jhansi, Kanpur, Kheri, Lalitpur, Mainpuri, Mathura, Mau, Meerut, Mirzapur, Moradabad, Muzaffarnagar, Nainital, Orai, Pauri, Padrauna, Pilibhit, Pithoragarh, Pratapgarh, Rai Bareli, Rampur, Roorkee, Saharanpur, Shahajahanpur, Sitapur, Sultanpur, Tehri, Unnao, Varanasi.

West Bengal Circle : Kolkata (Calcutta) GPO, Alipore, Barabazar, Beleghata, Belghoria, Cassipore, Park Street, Tollygunge, Balurghat, Bankura, Barasat, Berhampore, Burdwan, Chinsurah, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling, Howrah, Jalpaiguri, Krishnagar, Malda, Midnapore, Purulia, Suri, Siliguri, Port Blair (Andaman & Nicobar Islands), Gangtok (Sikkim).

Selected Field Post Offices through

  1. Central Base Post Office (CBPO), 56 APO;
  2. Central Base Post Office (CBPO) 99 APO.